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Evidence presented here is consistent with a failure of stock prices to reflect fully the implications of current earnings for future earnings. Specifically, the three-day price reactions to announcements of earnings for quarters t + 1 through I + 4 are predictable, based on earnings of quarter r. Even more surprisingly, the signs and magnitudes of the(More)
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS Next to existing terminology of the lower urinary tract, due to its increasing complexity, the terminology for pelvic floor dysfunction in women may be better updated by a female-specific approach and clinically based consensus report. METHODS This report combines the input of members of the Standardization and Terminology(More)
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS This prospective multi-centre true two-sided equivalence trial was designed to test the clinical equivalence of open (ASCP) and laparoscopic (LSCP) sacrocolpopexy using objective and subjective outcomes METHODS The study was carried out in three urogynaecology units in England, UK and the patient population consisted of women(More)
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS a terminology and standardized classification has yet to be developed for those complications arising directly from the insertion of synthetic (prostheses) and biological (grafts) materials in female pelvic floor surgery. METHODS this report on the above terminology and classification combines the input of members of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To test whether cannabinoids reduce urge incontinence episodes without affecting voiding in patients with multiple sclerosis. This was part of the multicentre trial of the Cannabinoids in Multiple Sclerosis (CAMS) study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The CAMS study randomised 630 patients to receive oral administration of cannabis extract,(More)
Our objective was to determine the inter-examiner agreement of a simplified pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POPQ) exam and to assess its correlation with the standard POPQ exam. This study consists of two parts; both were performed in a prospective, randomized, blinded fashion on women presenting with complaints attributed to pelvic organ support(More)
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS A terminology and standardized classification has yet to be developed for those complications arising directly from the insertion of synthetic (prostheses) and biological (grafts) materials in female pelvic floor surgery. METHODS This report on the above terminology and classification combines the input of members of the(More)
The authors performed a web-based questionnaire survey of 667 members of the ICS and AUGS to determine the current use of the pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POPQ) system by members of the professional societies which have advocated its use. Three hundred and eighty (57%) gynecologists responded. This international survey shows that only 40.2% of ICS(More)
Vaginal childbirth is probably the most important factor in the aetiology of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) and results in the combination of some or all of the following conditions: urinary (UI) and faecal (FI) incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Up until now, it has been difficult to counsel women antenatally regarding risk factors for(More)
The exact success rate from conventional as well as new surgical procedures for pelvic organ prolapse is unknown possibly due to the lack of standardisation of outcome measures. Usually objective measures, e.g. Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POPQ) assessment have been used as the primary outcome in most studies which show that procedures such as(More)