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There is presently great interest in the abilities of neural networks to mimic "qualitative reasoning" by manipulating neural incodings of symbols. Less work has been performed on using neural networks to process floating point numbers and it is sometimes stated that neural networks are somehow inherently inaccurate and therefore best suited for "fuzzy"(More)
Social networks produce an enormous quantity of data. Facebook consists of over 400 million active users sharing over 5 billion pieces of information each month. Analyzing this vast quantity of unstructured data presents challenges for software and hardware. We present GraphCT, a Graph Characterization Toolkit for massive graphs representing social network(More)
Recently, there has been considerable interest in deriving and applying knowledge-based, empirical potential functions for proteins. These empirical potentials have been derived from the statistics of interacting, spatially neighboring residues, as may be obtained from databases of known protein crystal structures. In this paper we employ neural networks to(More)
Unquestionably computer architectures have undergone a recent and noteworthy paradigm shift that now delivers multi- and many-core systems with tens to many thousands of concurrent hardware processing elements per workstation or supercomputer node. GPGPU (General Purpose Graphics Processor Unit) technology in particular has attracted significant attention(More)
Social Media provide an exciting and novel view into social phenomena. The vast amounts of data that can be gathered from the Internet coupled with massively parallel supercomputers such as the Cray XMT open new vistas for research. Conclusions drawn from such analysis must recognize that social media are distinct from the underlying social reality.(More)
We present an adaptive, neural network method that determinesnew classes of protein secondary structure that are significantly more predictable from local amino-acid sequence than conventional classifications. Accurate prediction of the conventional secondary-structure classes, alpha-helix, beta-strand, and coil, from primary sequence has long been an(More)
— Social Media provide an exciting and novel view into social phenomena. The vast amounts of data that can be gathered from the Internet coupled with massively parallel supercomputers such as the Cray XMT open new vistas for research. Conclusions drawn from such analysis must recognize that social media are distinct from the underlying social reality.(More)