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The authors implemented an electronic medical record system in a rural Kenyan health center. Visit data are recorded on a paper encounter form, eliminating duplicate documentation in multiple clinic logbooks. Data are entered into an MS-Access database supported by redundant power systems. The system was initiated in February 2001, and 10,000 visit records(More)
Health care for patients with HIV infection in developing countries has increased substantially in response to major international funding. Scaling up treatment programs requires timely data on the type, quantity, and quality of care being provided. Increasingly, such programs are turning to electronic health records (EHRs) to provide these data. We(More)
The Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) is a partnership between Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Moi University School of Medicine, and a consortium of universities led by Indiana University. AMPATH has over 50,000 patients in active care in 17 main clinics around western Kenya. Despite antiretroviral therapy, many patients were not(More)
BACKGROUND The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief committed $15 billion to addressing HIV in resource-poor settings. OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief on the treatment services of an HIV care program. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Cohort study utilizing computerized medical records of nonpregnant(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical research can be facilitated by the use of informatics tools. We used an existing electronic medical record (EMR) system and personal data assistants (PDAs) to assess the characteristics and outcomes of patients with acute respiratory illnesses (ARIs) visiting a Kenyan rural health center. METHODS We modified the existing EMR to include(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa is decimating populations, deteriorating economies, deepening poverty, and destabilizing traditional social orders. The advent of the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) made significant supplemental resources available to sub-Saharan national programs for the(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the clinical and immunological outcomes of a cohort of HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy. DESIGN Retrospective study of prospectively collected data from consecutively enrolled adult HIV-infected patients in eight HIV clinics in western Kenya. METHODS CD4 cell counts, weight, mortality, loss to follow-up and(More)
Partnerships between academic medical center (AMCs) in North America and the developing world are uniquely capable of fulfilling the tripartite needs of care, training, and research required to address health care crises in the developing world. Moreover, the institutional resources and credibility of AMCs can provide the foundation to build systems of care(More)
Evidence demonstrates that scale-up of HIV services has produced stronger health systems and, conversely, that stronger health systems were critical to the success of the HIV scale-up. Increased access to and effectiveness of HIV treatment and care programs, attention to long-term sustainability, and recognition of the importance of national governance, and(More)