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OBJECTIVE To determine whether the presence of a single epsilon4 allele of the APOE gene is associated with an increased rate of hippocampal volume loss or decline in cognition in healthy women in their sixth decade of life. METHODS Nine APOE-epsilon4 allele-negative (mean age +/- SD, 60.6 +/- 10.2 years) and 16 APOE-epsilon4 allele-positive (mean age +/-(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS The cause of childhood hyperactivity (attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder) is unknown. We investigated the hypothesis that cerebral glucose metabolism might differ between normal adults (controls) and adults with histories of hyperactivity in childhood who continued to have symptoms. Each patient was also the biologic parent of a(More)
Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder who met DSM-III criteria and who had been ill for at least one year were studied in a double-blind, randomized, crossover comparison of the tricyclic antidepressant clomipramine hydrochloride and the monoamine oxidase inhibitor clorgyline hydrochloride. No significant improvement was evident after four weeks of(More)
We compared the cognitive and behavioral responses to three intravenous doses of scopolamine (0.1, 0.25, and 0.5 mg) and placebo of ten patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) and ten age- and sex-matched elderly control subjects. The patients with DAT showed significant behavioral and cognitive but not physiologic changes at a lower scopolamine(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) measures of beta-amyloid(1-42) and tau are linked with the known neuropathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Numerous lines of evidence have also suggested that individuals with at least one APOE epsilon4 allele on chromosome 19 are at increased risk of developing AD. We tested these CSF markers in groups of subjects(More)
The brain metabolic pattern of patients with winter seasonal affective disorder with and without light treatment was determined by positron emission tomography. Compared with controls, patients with seasonal affective disorder with and without light treatment had globally lower metabolic rates, relatively lower superior medial frontal cortex rates, and(More)
Regional brain metabolism was measured in normal subjects and patients with schizophrenia while they performed an auditory discrimination task designed to emphasize sustained attention. A direct relationship was found in the normal subjects between metabolic rate in the middle prefrontal cortex and accuracy of performance. The metabolic rate in the middle(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the capacity of [11C]6-OH-BTA-1 and positron emission tomography (PET) to quantify beta-amyloid (Abeta) plaques in the Tg2576 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS PET imaging was performed with the NIH ATLAS small animal scanner in six elderly transgenic mice (Tg2576; age 22.0+/-1.8 months;(More)
iii NOTICE The information in this document has been funded wholly or in part by the United States Environmental Protection Agency under contract 68-C8-0058 to Dynamac Corporation. This report has been subjected to the Agency's peer and administrative review and has been approved for publication as an EPA document. Mention of trade names or commercial(More)
In a recent study, we reported abnormal local cerebral glucose metabolic rates in the orbital frontal cortex of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Eight patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder scanned previously were scanned again during treatment with the tricyclic antidepressant clomipramine hydrochloride. Comparisons of local cerebral(More)