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The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a coordinated hormonal cascade in the control of cardiovascular, renal, and adrenal function that governs body fluid and electrolyte balance, as well as arterial pressure. The classical RAS consists of a circulating endocrine system in which the principal effector hormone is angiotensin (ANG) II. ANG is produced by the(More)
The angiotensin AT2 receptor modulates renal production of cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP; J. Clin. Invest. 1996. 97:1978-1982). In the present study, we hypothesized that angiotensin II (Ang II) acts at the AT2 receptor to stimulate renal production of nitric oxide leading to the previously observed increase in cGMP. Using a microdialysis(More)
Ang II receptor activation increases cytosolic Ca2+ levels to enhance the synthesis and secretion of aldosterone, a recently identified early pathogenic stimulus that adversely influences cardiovascular homeostasis. Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is a downstream effector of the Ang II-elicited signaling cascade that serves as a key(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop clinical practice guidelines for the management of patients with primary aldosteronism. PARTICIPANTS The Task Force included a chair, selected by the Clinical Guidelines Subcommittee of the Endocrine Society, six additional experts, a methodologist, and a medical writer. The guideline was cosponsored by American Heart Association,(More)
Resistant hypertension is a common clinical problem faced by both primary care clinicians and specialists. While the exact prevalence of resistant hypertension is unknown, clinical trials suggest that it is not rare, involving perhaps 20% to 30% of study participants. As older age and obesity are 2 of the strongest risk factors for uncontrolled(More)
The renal effects of angiotensin II(AII) are attributed to AT1 receptors. In contrast, the function of renal AT2 receptors in unknown. Using a microdialysis technique, we monitored changes in renal interstitial fluid (RIF) prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and cyclic guanosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (cGMP) in response to dietary sodium (Na) depletion alone, or Na(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the sodium-bicarbonate co-transporter gene (SLC4A5) are associated with hypertension. We tested the hypothesis that SNPs in SLC4A5 are associated with salt sensitivity of blood pressure in 185 whites consuming an isocaloric constant diet with a randomized order of 7 days of(More)
We present the final report from a series of precision measurements of the muon anomalous magnetic moment, a µ = (g − 2)/2. The details of the experimental method, apparatus, data taking, and analysis are summarized. Data obtained at Brookhaven National Laboratory, using nearly equal samples of positive and negative muons, were used to deduce a µ (Expt) =(More)
The angiotensin AT1 receptor mediates renal prostaglandin (PG) E2 production through stimulation of phospholipase A2. Blockade of the AT2 receptor potentiates the angiotensin II-induced increase in PGE2 levels. In the kidney, PGE2 is converted to PGF2 alpha mainly by the enzyme PGE 9-ketoreductase. We hypothesized that the conversion of PGE2 to PGF2 alpha(More)