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Pancreatic cancer is a highly lethal malignancy with few effective therapies. We performed exome sequencing and copy number analysis to define genomic aberrations in a prospectively accrued clinical cohort (n = 142) of early (stage I and II) sporadic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Detailed analysis of 99 informative tumours identified substantial(More)
Current models of prostate cancer classification are poor at distinguishing between tumors that have similar histopathological features but vary in clinical course and outcome. Here, we applied classical survival analysis to genome-wide gene expression profiles of prostate cancers and preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels from each patient, to(More)
Docetaxel chemotherapy improves symptoms and survival in men with metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC). However, approximately 50% of patients do not respond to Docetaxel and are exposed to significant toxicity without direct benefit. This study aimed to identify novel therapeutic targets and predictive biomarkers of Docetaxel resistance in(More)
The structural characteristics of EMS1 (human cortactin) suggest that it may link signaling events to reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. Interestingly, the EMS1 gene is commonly amplified and overexpressed in several human cancers, which may alter their invasive or metastatic properties. An 80 to 85-kDa mobility shift of EMS1 correlates with an(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancers lacking the estrogen receptor (ER) can be distinguished from other breast cancers on the basis of poor prognosis, high grade, distinctive histopathology and unique molecular signatures. These features further distinguish estrogen receptor negative (ER-) tumor subtypes, but targeted therapy is currently limited to tumors(More)
Cyclin D1 and cyclin E are overexpressed in approximately 45% and 30% of breast cancers, respectively, and adverse associations with patient outcome have been reported. The potential roles of cyclin D1 and cyclin E expression as markers of therapeutic responsiveness to the pure steroidal antiestrogen ICI 182780 were investigated using T-47D breast cancer(More)
Purpose: Dysregulation of cell cycle control, in particular G 1-S-phase transition, is implicated in the pathogenesis of most human cancers, including epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). However, the prognostic significance of aberrant cell cycle gene expression in EOC remains unclear. Experimental Design: The expression of selected genes from the pRb pathway(More)
The effect of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) on breast cancer cell proliferation kinetics was investigated in ten human breast cell lines growing as monolayer cultures. Significant inhibition of growth occurred only in the estrogen receptor-positive, progesterone receptor-positive cell lines, T-47D, MCF-7, ZR 75-1, BT 474, and MDA-MB-361. Among these(More)
INTRODUCTION RAD21 is a component of the cohesin complex, which is essential for chromosome segregation and error-free DNA repair. We assessed its prognostic and predictive power in a cohort of in situ and invasive breast cancers, and its effect on chemosensitivity in vitro. METHODS RAD21 immunohistochemistry was performed on 345 invasive and 60 pure in(More)
Steroid hormones and their metabolising enzymes have been studied extensively for their potential role in prostate cancer, with more recent interest in the androgen/estrogen inactivating enzyme 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 4 (HSD17B4). Gene expression profiling showed HSD17B4 to be significantly overexpressed in prostate cancer compared to(More)