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The acute central nervous and cardiovascular effects of the local anesthetics ropivacaine and bupivacaine were compared in 12 volunteers in a randomized double-blind manner with use of intravenous infusions at a rate of 10 mg/min up to a maximal dose of 150 mg. The volunteers were all healthy men. They were familiarized with the central nervous system (CNS)(More)
The vision of an ecology of physically embedded intelligent systems, or PEIS-Ecology, combines insights from the fields of autonomous robotics and ambient intelligence to provide a new approach to building robotic systems in the service of people. In this paper, we present this vision, and we report the results of a four-year collaborative research project(More)
Cardiac output, oxygen uptake and plasma catecholamines were studied in patients both awake and during anaesthesia prior to and during upper abdominal surgery. Two different forms of anaesthesia were used: neurolept-nitrous oxide (NLA) and halothane (HALO) anaesthesia. Oxygen uptake was determined by using a masspectrometer, and cardiac output was measured(More)
Cardiac output, oxygen uptake and plasma catecholamines were studied in patients when awake and during ketamine anaesthesia prior to and during upper abdominal surgery. Oxygen uptake was determined by using a masspectrometer and cardiac output was measured according to the Fick principle. Plasma catecholamines were analysed by high performance liquid(More)
One hundred and seventy-four consecutive patients with symptoms of derangement of the knee were examined with an arthroscope under local anaesthesia using a continuous pressure-irrigation system. A 0.2 per cent prilocaine-saline solution was used as irrigation fluid. In the first 19 patients the serum level of prilocaine was monitored for six hours after(More)
The aim was to study thoracic gas volume (TGV) in anesthetized and paralyzed subjects (n = 16) and to analyze any change in TGV in terms of thoraco-abdominal dimensions. TGV was measured by means of a body plethysmograph, using a super syringe for lung inflation during muscle paralysis. The thoraco-abdominal shape at the mamillary and umbilical levels was(More)
50 eyes were fitted with contact lenses of different materials. The tears were taken from different surgical departments specializing in the fitting of contact lenses. The tears were analyzed by electrophoresis. Albumin, and filtered and synthesized IgG were assayed in order to find out whether there is a modification in the permeability of the blood-tear(More)
We consider distributed systems of networked robots in which: (1) each robot includes sensing, acting and/or processing modular functionalities; and (2) robots can help each other by offering those functionalities. A functional configuration is any way to allocate and connect functionalities among the robots. An interesting feature of a system of this type(More)
Nine patients, 61-72 years old, were studied awake and during halothane anaesthesia before and during upper abdominal surgery. Central circulation was evaluated by means of pulmonary artery catheterization and gas exchange by multiple inert gas elimination technique. Awake and supine, a rather wide distribution of VA/Q was observed, with regions of low VA/Q(More)
We consider an ecology of robots in which robots can help each other by offering information-producing functionalities. A functional configuration of this ecology is a way to allocate and connect functionalities among the participating robots. In general, different configurations can be used to solve the same task, depending on the current situation, and(More)