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Dataset storage, exchange, and access play a critical role in scientific applications. For such purposes netCDF serves as a portable, efficient file format and programming interface, which is popular in numerous scientific application domains. However, the original interface does not provide an efficient mechanism for parallel data storage and access. In(More)
Modern large-scale scientific simulations running on HPC systems generate data in the order of terabytes during a single run. To lessen the I/O load during a simulation run, scientists are forced to capture data infrequently, thereby making data collection an inherently lossy process. Yet, lossless compression techniques are hardly suitable for scientific(More)
In addition to their role as simulation engines, modern supercomputers can be harnessed for scientific visualization. Their extensive concurrency, parallel storage systems, and high-performance interconnects can mitigate the expanding size and complexity of scientific datasets and prepare for in situ visualization of these data. In ongoing research into(More)
SUMMARY Exploding dataset sizes from extreme-scale scientific simulations necessitates efficient data management and reduction schemes to mitigate I/O costs. With the discrepancy between I/O bandwidth and computational power, scientists are forced to capture data infrequently, thereby making data collection an inherently lossy process. Although data(More)
Developing and tuning computational science applications to run on extreme scale systems are increasingly complicated processes. Challenges such as managing memory access and tuning message-passing behavior are made easier by tools designed specifically to aid in these processes. Tools that can help users better understand the behavior of their application(More)
Today's top high performance computing systems run applications with hundreds of thousands of processes, contain hundreds of storage nodes, and must meet massive I/O requirements for capacity and performance. These leadership-class systems face daunting challenges to deploying scalable I/O systems. In this paper we present a case study of the I/O challenges(More)
Current leadership-class machines suffer from a significant imbalance between their computational power and their I/O bandwidth. While Moore's law ensures that the computational power of high-performance computing systems increases with every generation, the same is not true for their I/O subsystems. The scalability challenges faced by existing parallel(More)
Computational science applications are driving a demand for increasingly powerful storage systems. While many techniques are available for capturing the I/O behavior of individual application trial runs and specific components of the storage system, continuous characterization of a production system remains a daunting challenge for systems with hundreds of(More)
Many models of axonal elongation are based on the assumption that the rate of lengthening is driven by the production of cellular materials in the soma. These models make specific predictions about transport and concentration gradients of proteins both over time and along the length of the axon. In vivo, it is well accepted that for a particular neuron the(More)
Efficient handling of large volumes of data is a necessity for exascale scientific applications and database systems. To address the growing imbalance between the amount of available storage and the amount of data being produced by high speed (FLOPS) processors on the system, data must be compressed to reduce the total amount of data placed on the file(More)