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Styrene is an aromatic solvent widely used as a precursor for polystyrene plastics in many factories which produce glass-reinforced plastic. This solvent has been shown to disrupt the auditory system in both humans and animals. In order to study the sequence of events which could explain the cochlear impairments, a time course experiment was carried out(More)
To study the combined effects of noise and toluene on auditory function, three experimental groups of Long-Evans adult rats were used. The first group was exposed to toluene (2000 ppm, 6 h/day, 5 days/week, 4 weeks), the second group to an octave band of noise centered at 8 kHz (92 dB SPL), and the last group to a simultaneous exposure to toluene and noise.(More)
Inhaled toluene (from 1000 to 2000 ppm, 6 h/day, 5 days/week, 4 weeks) is anototoxic solvent that severely damaged the cochlea in adult Long-Evans rats. Auditory function was tested by recording near field potentials from the inferior colliculus. Surprisingly, the electrophysiologic results did not reflect all the cochlear damage observed by histology. Loss(More)
Combined exposure to both noise and aromatic solvents such as styrene is common in many industries. In order to study the combined effects of simultaneous exposure to both noise and styrene on hearing, male adult Long-Evans rats were exposed either to 750 ppm styrene alone, to a 97 dB SPL octave band of noise centered at 8 kHz, or to a combination of noise(More)
There is clear evidence that aromatic solvents can disrupt the auditory system in humans and animals. As far as animal models are concerned, solvent-induced hearing loss seems to be species-dependent. Indeed, most published data have been obtained with the rat, which shows mid-frequency cochlear deficits, whereas the guinea pig does not show any permanent(More)
Toluene and styrene are industrial solvents that can severely damage the auditory function in adult rats. In the present study, toluene (1000 to 2000 ppm) and styrene doses (500 to 1500 ppm) were investigated according to the same schedule: 6 hours per day, 5 days per week, for 4 consecutive weeks. The auditory function of the animals was tested by(More)
Numerous experiments have shown that the aromatic solvents can affect the auditory system in the rat, the cochlea being targeted first. Solvents differ in cochleotoxic potency: for example, styrene is more ototoxic than toluene or xylenes. The goal of this study was to determine the relative ototoxicity of the three isomers of xylene (o-, m- or p-xylene).(More)
Three experimental groups and one control group of Long-Evans rats were used to study the combined effects of toluene and ethanol on auditory function. The first experimental group was exposed to toluene vapors (1750 ppm, 6 h/day, 5 days/week, 4 weeks), the second one was daily gavaged with a saline solution of ethanol (4 g/kg, 4 weeks), and the last group(More)
To identify the frequency range most sensitive to toluene-induced auditory damage, the auditory function of adult Long-Evans rats exposed to 1750 ppm of toluene (6 h/day, 5 days/week, 4 weeks), was tested by recording auditory-evoked potentials directly from the round window of the cochlea. The present electrocochleographic findings do not support a(More)
The study was carried out to test whether or not cubic distortion otoacoustic emissions were more sensitive than auditory-evoked potentials for assessing styrene-induced hearing losses in the Long-Evans rat. For the purposes of comparison, changes in cubic distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DeltaDPOAE), evoked potential permanent threshold shifts(More)