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In order to further establish zebrafish as a vertebrate model for studying the mechanism of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) toxicity it is necessary to characterize the aryl hydrocarbon receptor/aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (AhR/ARNT) signaling pathways in this species. In this study, three zfARNT2 cDNAs were isolated,(More)
Adult zebrafish can completely regenerate their caudal fin following amputation. This complex process is initiated by the formation of an epithelial wound cap over the amputation site by 12 h post amputation (hpa). Once the cap is formed, mesenchymal cells proliferate and migrate from sites distal to the wound plane and accumulate under the epithelial cap(More)
Two aryl hydrocarbon receptors (AhRs), rtAhR2alpha and rtAhR2beta, were cloned from rainbow trout (rt) cDNA libraries. The distribution of sequence differences, genomic Southern blot analysis, and the presence of both transcripts in all individual rainbow trout examined suggest that the two forms of rtAhR2 are derived from separate genes. The two rtAhR2s(More)
Adult zebra fish completely regenerate their caudal (tail) fin following partial amputation. Exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) inhibits this regenerative process. Proper regulation of transcription, innervation, vascularization, and extracellular matrix (ECM) composition is essential for complete fin regeneration. Previous microarray(More)
The 5' leader (Omega) of tobacco mosaic viral RNA functions as a translational enhancer. Sequence analysis of a 102-kD protein, identified previously as a specific Omega RNA-binding protein, revealed homology to the HSP101/HSP104/ClpB family of heat shock proteins and its expression in yeast complemented a thermotolerance defect caused by a deletion of the(More)
We show that transient exposure of embryonic zebrafish to nicotine delays the development of secondary spinal motoneurons. Furthermore, there is a long-lasting alteration in axonal pathfinding in secondary motoneurons that is not ameliorated by drug withdrawal. These effects of nicotine were reversed by mammalian nicotinic receptor antagonists. Coupled with(More)
Ethanol is a well-established developmental toxicant; however, the mechanism(s) of this toxicity remains unclear. Zebrafish are becoming an important model system for the evaluation of chemical and drug toxicity. In this study, zebrafish embryos were utilized to compare the developmental toxicity resulting from either ethanol or acetaldehyde exposure.(More)
Both the 5' cap (m7GpppN) and the 3' poly(A) tail of eukaryotic mRNAs are important regulators of translation efficiency in vivo. Their function, however, is markedly reduced in in vitro translation systems derived from either rabbit reticulocytes or wheat germ. The impact of exogenous poly(A) on cap-dependent translation was examined in vitro. The(More)
microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as regulators of a broad spectrum of neurodevelopmental processes, including brain morphogenesis, neuronal differentiation, and survival. While the role of miRNAs in establishing and maintaining the developing nervous system is widely appreciated, the developmental neurobehavioral role of miRNAs has yet to be defined. Here we(More)
Both the 68-base 5' leader (omega) and the 205-base 3' untranslated region (UTR) of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) promote efficient translation. A 35-base region within omega is necessary and sufficient for the regulation. Within the 3' UTR, a 52-base region, composed of two RNA pseudoknots, is required for regulation. These pseudoknots are phylogenetically(More)