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In order to further establish zebrafish as a vertebrate model for studying the mechanism of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) toxicity it is necessary to characterize the aryl hydrocarbon receptor/aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (AhR/ARNT) signaling pathways in this species. In this study, three zfARNT2 cDNAs were isolated,(More)
The 5'-cap and the poly(A) tail act synergistically to increase the translational efficiency of eukaryotic mRNAs, which suggests that these two mRNA elements communicate during translation. We report here that the cap-associated eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs), i. e. the two isoforms of the cap-binding complex (eIF-4F and eIF-iso4F) and eIF-4B, bind to(More)
Two aryl hydrocarbon receptors (AhRs), rtAhR2alpha and rtAhR2beta, were cloned from rainbow trout (rt) cDNA libraries. The distribution of sequence differences, genomic Southern blot analysis, and the presence of both transcripts in all individual rainbow trout examined suggest that the two forms of rtAhR2 are derived from separate genes. The two rtAhR2s(More)
The 5' leader (Omega) of tobacco mosaic viral RNA functions as a translational enhancer. Sequence analysis of a 102-kD protein, identified previously as a specific Omega RNA-binding protein, revealed homology to the HSP101/HSP104/ClpB family of heat shock proteins and its expression in yeast complemented a thermotolerance defect caused by a deletion of the(More)
We show that transient exposure of embryonic zebrafish to nicotine delays the development of secondary spinal motoneurons. Furthermore, there is a long-lasting alteration in axonal pathfinding in secondary motoneurons that is not ameliorated by drug withdrawal. These effects of nicotine were reversed by mammalian nicotinic receptor antagonists. Coupled with(More)
The putative role of the dopaminergic system in sleep bruxism (SB) was studied in a double-blind clinical trial by using low doses of short-term L-dopa in combination with benserazide. We recorded 10 patients with SB in our sleep laboratory for 3 consecutive nights. The first night was for habituation to the laboratory environment. During the second and the(More)
microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as regulators of a broad spectrum of neurodevelopmental processes, including brain morphogenesis, neuronal differentiation, and survival. While the role of miRNAs in establishing and maintaining the developing nervous system is widely appreciated, the developmental neurobehavioral role of miRNAs has yet to be defined. Here we(More)
Zebrafish embryos offer a unique opportunity to investigate the mechanisms by which nicotine exposure impacts early vertebrate development. Embryos exposed to nicotine become functionally paralyzed by 42 hpf suggesting that the neuromuscular system is compromised in exposed embryos. We previously demonstrated that secondary spinal motoneurons in(More)
Adult zebrafish can completely regenerate their caudal fin following amputation. This complex process is initiated by the formation of an epithelial wound cap over the amputation site by 12 h post amputation (hpa). Once the cap is formed, mesenchymal cells proliferate and migrate from sites distal to the wound plane and accumulate under the epithelial cap(More)
Both the 68-base 5' leader (omega) and the 205-base 3' untranslated region (UTR) of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) promote efficient translation. A 35-base region within omega is necessary and sufficient for the regulation. Within the 3' UTR, a 52-base region, composed of two RNA pseudoknots, is required for regulation. These pseudoknots are phylogenetically(More)