Robert L. Raynor

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Protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes alpha, delta, epsilon, and zeta, shown to be expressed in adult rat cardiomyocytes, displayed distinct substrate specificities in phosphorylating troponin I and troponin T subunits in the bovine cardiac troponin complex. Thus, because they have different substrate affinities, PKC-alpha, -delta, and -epsilon phosphorylated(More)
The significance of site-specific phosphorylation of cardiac troponin I (TnI) by protein kinase C and protein kinase A in the regulation of Ca(2+)-stimulated MgATPase of reconstituted actomyosin S-1 was investigated. The TnI mutants used were T144A, S43A/S45A, and S43A/S45A/T144A (in which the identified protein kinase C phosphorylation sites, Thr-144 and(More)
N-(6-Aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide(W-7), commonly regarded as a calmodulin antagonist, inhibited phospholipid-sensitive Ca2+ -dependent protein kinase and to a lesser extent cyclic GMP- and cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinases. Kinetic studies of the inhibition of the homogeneous spleen phospholipid-sensitive Ca2+ -dependent protein kinase(More)
As an extension of our previous reports that cardiac and skeletal muscle troponin I (Tn-I) and troponin T (Tn-T) are excellent substrates for protein kinase C (PKC) (Katoh, N., Wise, B. C., and Kuo, J. F. (1983) Biochem. J. 209, 189-195; Mazzei, G. J., and Kuo, J. F. (1984) Biochem. J. 218, 361-369), we have now determined that PKC phosphorylated serine 43(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) catalytic activity was found in the cytosol, sarcolemma and sarcoplasmic reticulum, and PKC immunoreactivity was found in the striated regions and sarcolemma of rat hearts. Enhanced phosphorylation of troponin T and, to a lesser extent, troponin I was noted in isolated rat cardiac myocytes incubated with PKC activator phorbol ester,(More)
Effects of cobra cardiotoxin (cytotoxin) and its isoforms, and neurotoxin, on protein kinase C (PKC) and cancer cells were investigated. A positive correlation existed between hydrophobicities and activities of the toxins to inhibit PKC activity (assayed using phosphatidylserine vesicle, arachidonate monomer, and Triton/phosphatidylserine mixed micelle(More)
Protein dephosphorylation by protein phosphatase 1 (PP1), acting in concert with protein kinase C (PKC) and protein kinase A (PKA), is a pivotal regulatory mechanism of protein phosphorylation. Isolated rat cardiac myofibrils phosphorylated by PKC/PKA and dephosphorylated by PP1 were used in determining dephosphorylation specificities, Ca(2+)-stimulated(More)
Interactions of certain naturally occurring, amphiphilic polypeptides with membranes were investigated. Mastoparan (wasp venom toxin), melittin (bee venom toxin), cardiotoxin (cobra venom toxin), and polymyxin B (antibacterial antibiotic) inhibited protein kinase C stimulated by phosphatidylserine bilayer or arachidonate monomer and blocked binding of [3H](More)
A human leukemia K562 cell mutant (K562/OA200) selected for resistance to okadaic acid (OA), an inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A (PP1/PP2A), has been established. In wild type cells, the cytotoxicity of OA was associated with mitotic arrest and concentration- and time-dependent DNA fragmentation, a hallmark of apoptosis. The mutant was 100-fold(More)
The effects of a number of polypeptide cytotoxins and neurotoxins on various protein kinases were examined. It was found that cobra cytotoxin I and marine worm cytotoxin A-IV effectively and specifically inhibited phospholipid-sensitive Ca2+-dependent protein kinase (PL-Ca-PK) relative to myosin light chain kinase and cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein(More)