Robert L. Paterson

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Understanding the influence of lip and tongue pressure on tooth position requires a reliable method of measuring pressure. A transducer with a beam mechanism has been used extensively in the past. A transducer with a diaphragm mechanism has been recently introduced. Comparative in-vivo tests of these transducers have not been published. The purpose of this(More)
An increase in resting lip pressure and the resulting disruption of the intraoral pressure equilibrium may be responsible for the poor stability found with orthodontically expanded dentitions. Passive expansion strategies seek improved stability by altering lip pressure, thus creating a new equilibrium. One of these strategies has been shown to alter(More)
The effect of infiltration of a vasodilator and a vasoconstrictor [2% lidocaine (lignocaine) without or with 1:100,000 adrenaline (epinephrine)] above the root apex of human second premolars in the prefunctional stage of post-emergent eruption was evaluated for 11 teeth in eight children. On two consecutive days, 30 min of high-resolution data on changes in(More)
The stability of dental arch expansion with conventional orthodontic treatments is disappointing. An increase in labial soft tissue pressure resulting from the expansion may contribute to this instability. An 8-month study of lip pressure changes resulting from lip bumper wear has been conducted, but no long-term studies have been conducted on pressure(More)
To test the hypothesis that human tooth eruption requires a critical time period during which no force is applied to the erupting tooth, the eruption of a maxillary second premolar in the prefunctional stage was recorded during the afternoon or evening hours in eight children, using an optical device based on the principle of Moiré magnification, while(More)
The optical phenomenon of Moire magnification can be used to provide real-time measurements of the position of an erupting human premolar, with a resolution of 0.1 micron or better. A new instrument for this purpose, which allows repeated measurements in the same individual, is described. Cyclic changes in the position of the erupting tooth in concert with(More)
The types of technological services needed by the smaller universities and colleges are much the same as in larger schools. How to provide the increasing variety of services with a small staff and limited resources is the universal challenge of the small institution. To meet this challenge, Information Technology (IT) organizations must maximize their(More)
In this section of a larger study, a system for monitoring changes in the microcirculation, in humans in the dental setting, is described. The technique involves clinical nailfold capillary photomicroscopy and electronic image-scan measurements. The system was tested using reactive hyperemia after vascular occlusion; it proved reliable and sufficiently(More)
OBJECTIVE Unusual long-wave cycles in the position of an erupting human premolar were first noted by Trentini et al. [Trentini CJ, Brown WH, Paterson RL, Proffit WR. The application of Moire magnification to high precision studies of human premolar eruption. Arch Oral Biol 1995;40:623-9]. This report characterises them in detail and evaluates their(More)