Robert L. Panek

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Angiogenesis, the sprouting of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones, is an essential physiological process in development, yet also plays a major role in the progression of human diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, atherosclerosis and cancer. The effects of the most potent angiogenic factors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), angiopoietin(More)
Specific binding sites for angiotensin II were identified in the rabbit adrenal gland and uterus and in the rat liver and were divided into two subclasses based on inhibition by nonpeptide ligands. Peptide ligands affected binding equally in all three tissues. However, the nonpeptide antagonists Dup 753 and Exp 6803 blocked angiotensin II binding to adrenal(More)
Diabetes was induced in rats by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (65 mg kg-1). Rabbits were rendered diabetic by injecting alloxan (100 mg kg-1) into the lateral ear vein. Diabetes was confirmed by a significant elevation of serum glucose in both species 8 weeks after injection. The maximum contraction to noradrenaline (NA),(More)
PD 166285, a novel protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor of a new structural class, the 6-aryl-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidines, was synthesized as the most potent and soluble analog of a series of small molecules originally identified by screening a compound library with assays that measured protein tyrosine kinase activity. PD 166285 was found to inhibit Src(More)
Screening of a compound library led to the identification of 2-amino-6-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-8-methylpyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine (1) as a inhibitor of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFr), fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFr), and c-src tyrosine kinases (TKs). Replacement of the primary amino group at C-2 of 1 with a(More)
BACKGROUND In clinical studies, sphingomyelin (SM) plasma levels correlated with the occurrence of coronary heart disease independently of plasma cholesterol levels. We hypothesized that inhibition of SM synthesis would have antiatherogenic effects. To test this hypothesis, apolipoprotein E (apoE)-knockout (KO) mice were treated with myriocin, a potent(More)
Plasma sphingomyelin (SM) has been suggested as a risk factor for coronary heart disease independent of cholesterol levels. A decrease of SM in lipoproteins is known to improve the activities of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in vitro. Inhibition of SM biosynthesis may reduce lipoprotein SM content and thus improve(More)
Two subclasses of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (GMP)-specific phosphodiesterases were identified in vascular tissue from several beds. The activity of one subclass (phosphodiesterase IB) was stimulated severalfold by calmodulin and selectively inhibited by the phosphodiesterase inhibitor TCV-3B. The activity of the other subclass (phosphodiesterase IC)(More)
While engaged in therapeutic intervention against a number of proliferative diseases, we have discovered the 2-aminopyrido[2, 3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-ones as a novel class of potent, broadly active tyrosine kinase (TK) inhibitors. An efficient route was developed that enabled the synthesis of a wide variety of analogues with substitution on several positions of(More)
Through direct synthetic efforts we discovered a small molecule which is a 40 nanomolar inhibitor of the human FGF-1 receptor tyrosine kinase. 1-Tert-butyl-3-[6-(2,6-dichloro-phenyl)-2-(4-diethylamino-butylamino)-py rido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl]-urea (PD 161570) had about 5- and 100-fold greater selectivity toward the FGF-1 receptor (IC50 = 40 nM) compared(More)