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BACKGROUND Urinary incontinence is a highly prevalent and burdensome condition among women. However, fewer than half of women with symptoms talk to a physician about incontinence, and the determinants of treatment seeking are not well understood. DESIGN A two-stage cross-sectional survey of adult U.S. women; 45,000 households participating in NFO(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to better understand the subjective bothersomeness of stress urinary incontinence symptoms and their impact on the quality of life of community-dwelling women. STUDY DESIGN We conducted a mail survey of 605 women in the United States who reported symptoms of stress urinary incontinence. RESULTS More than three(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if the type of antidepressant drug is related to adherence to National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) Antidepressant Medication Management (AMM) quality measures and to assess the 6-month health care costs among newly diagnosed depressed patients. METHODS The MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounter database for medical(More)
OBJECTIVE Four groups of patients receiving different antidepressant drugs in a primary care setting were compared in terms of duration of antidepressant therapy and health and mental health care utilization and costs. METHODS A retrospective analysis of the medical and pharmacy claims of an employed population and their families was conducted. A total of(More)
BACKGROUND Statistical models based on item response theory were used to examine (a) the performance of individual Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) items and their options, (b) the effectiveness of various subscales to discriminate among individual differences in symptom severity, and (c) the appropriateness of cutoff scores recently recommended(More)
Non-randomized studies of treatment effects have come under criticism because of their failure to control for potential biases introduced by unobserved variables correlated with treatment selection and outcomes. This paper describes the basic concepts of sample selection models--a technique used widely in the economics evaluation literature for nearly two(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand the determinants of the outcome of an episode of major depression, including factors that affect receipt of guideline-consistent care and their subsequent effect on treatment outcomes, particularly relapse or recurrence. Results of previous studies are generalized to a population typical of depressed individuals in the United States,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare medical and pharmacy costs and utilization between patients with diabetes who received insulin lispro versus regular human insulin. METHODS A retrospective analysis of medical and pharmacy claims was conducted among continuously enrolled users of insulin lispro or regular insulin during the identification period, March 1, 2000,(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the extent to which women with incontinence have been identified by physicians, the coping and treatment strategies that incontinent women use, and the factors associated with treatment strategy utilization. STUDY DESIGN A 2-stage, nationwide, cross-sectional survey. METHODS Survey participants were adult women from(More)
UNLABELLED Schizophrenia leads to impairments in mental, social, and physical functioning, which should be included in evaluations of treatment. OBJECTIVES This study was designed to determine the reliability and validity of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) for schizophrenic patients, to characterize perceived functioning and(More)