Robert L McRae

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BACKGROUND Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), a process routinely used during cardiac surgery, is a potent stimulant to the release of endogenous catecholamines. Hence, we tested the hypothesis that CPB results in myocardial beta-adrenergic receptor (beta AR) desensitization. METHODS AND RESULTS We obtained canine transmyocardial left ventricular biopsies(More)
The use of isovolemic hemodilution to prevent adverse side effects of homologous blood transfusions has increased. The lowest level of hemoglobin that can be tolerated without regional myocardial dysfunction, however, had not been precisely defined for left ventricular myocardium with compromised coronary blood flow. This level was determined in our study(More)
BACKGROUND Recent American Heart Association guidelines highlight the paucity of data on effectiveness and/or mechanisms underlying use of beta-adrenergic receptor (beta AR) antagonists after acute coronary syndromes in patients subsequently undergoing revascularization. It is important to assess whether beta AR antagonists might protect the heart and(More)
The cardiovascular responses associated with isovolemic hemodilution have been described. However, the stability of these responses over time remains controversial. We hypothesized that the hemodynamic responses to isovolemic hemodilution are stable over time. Nine fentanyl-midazolam-anesthetized dogs were monitored to follow global cardiovascular and(More)
The effects of progressive, isovolemic hemodilution using Dextran 70 and the effect of halothane (0.7, 0.9, 1.1, and 1.3% end-tidal, administered randomly at each level of hemodilution) on global cardiovascular and regional LV contractile functions were investigated in 24 dogs with induced critical constriction of the left anterior descending coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Although a variety of antireflux procedures and medications are used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), reliable large-animal models of GERD that can be used to objectively compare the efficacy of these treatments are lacking. METHODS Esophageal manometry and 24-h gastroesophageal pH monitoring with event data were performed in 18(More)
133Xe clearance to measure cerebral blood flow (CBF) was examined in 10 dogs during cardiopulmonary bypass. As a reference method, a continuous Kety-Schmidt technique (CBFKS) with 133Xe as indicator was used. Extracranial tissue was removed to directly place the 133Xe detectors on the skull, and the head was covered with a 3 mm lead shield to minimize(More)
Aortic cross-clamping with inadequate myocardial preservation has been shown to cause postoperative decreases in myocardial performance following coronary artery bypass graft surgery. We have demonstrated a mild decrement in myocardial beta-receptor function associated with cold cardioplegia in a normal animal model; in normal human hearts, however,(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with aortic cross-clamping represents a controlled period of global cardiac ischemia. We hypothesized that CPB (asanguineous prime), with aortic cross-clamping and repeated cardioplegia, alters myocardial function, which would be manifested as an exaggerated myocardial depression caused by halothane after CPB. In nine dogs(More)