Robert L. McKown

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The Hodgkin-Huxley equations for space-clamped squid axon (18 degrees C) have been modified to approximate voltage clamp data from repetitive-firing crustacean walking leg axons and activity in response to constant current stimulation has been computed. The m infinity and h infinity parameters of the sodium conductance system were shifted along the voltage(More)
We screened for mutations deleterious to the freezing tolerance of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. ecotype Columbia. Tolerance was assayed by the vigor and regrowth of intact plants after cold acclimation and freezing. From a chemically mutagenized population, we obtained 13 lines of mutants with highly penetrant phenotypes. In 5 of these, freezing(More)
A DNA polymerase has been purified >3,000-fold from the chloroplasts of pea plants by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, phosphocellulose, single-stranded DNA-agarose, and sedimentation in a glycerol gradient. Electrophoretic analysis on polyacrylamide gels in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate indicates that the final fraction contained a single(More)
Cell surface heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans are carbohydrate-rich regulators of cell migratory, mitogenic, secretory, and inflammatory activity that bind and present soluble heparin-binding growth factors (e.g., fibroblast growth factor, Wnt, Hh, transforming growth factor beta, amphiregulin, and hepatocyte growth factor) to their respective signaling(More)
Renewal of nongermative epithelia is poorly understood. The novel mitogen "lacritin" is apically secreted by several nongermative epithelia. We tested 17 different cell types and discovered that lacritin is preferentially mitogenic or prosecretory for those types that normally contact lacritin during its glandular outward flow. Mitogenesis is dependent on(More)
Using synthetic DNA, we assembled a gene encoding a protein identical in sequence to one of the antifreeze proteins produced by the fish Pseudopleuronectes americanus (winter flounder). To address the relationship between structure and function, we also assembled genes encoding proteins varying in sequence and length. The synthetic genes were cloned into a(More)
Yeast, like most organisms, survives poorly under freezing conditions. It has been proposed that after rapid cooling yeast suffers a loss in viability from the recrystallization of intracellular ice. Antifreeze proteins found in the blood of certain polar fishes have been shown to be potent inhibitors of ice recrystallization at very low concentrations. We(More)
Transposon Tn7 transposes at high frequency to a specific site, attTn7, in the Escherichia coli chromosome. We devised a quantitative assay for Tn7 transposition in which Tn7-end derivatives containing the cis-acting transposition sequences of Tn7 transpose from a bacteriophage lambda vector upon infection into cells containing the Tn7-encoded transposition(More)
The type III secretion system (YscC) protein of Yersinia pestis plays an essential role in the translocation of Yersinia outer proteins (Yops) into eukaryotic target cells through a type III secretion mechanism. To assess the immunogenicity and potential protective efficacy of YscC against lethal plague challenge, we cloned, overexpressed, and purified YscC(More)
The lacrimal functional unit (LFU) is defined by the 2007 International Dry Eye WorkShop as 'an integrated system comprising the lacrimal glands, ocular surface (cornea, conjunctiva and meibomian glands) and lids, and the sensory and motor nerves that connect them'. The LFU maintains a healthy ocular surface primarily through a properly functioning tear(More)