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Optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) occur in 15%-20% of children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1); up to half become symptomatic. There is little information regarding ophthalmologic outcomes after chemotherapy. A retrospective multicenter study was undertaken to evaluate visual outcomes following chemotherapy for NF1-associated OPG, to identify risks for(More)
Optic pathway glioma (OPG), seen in 15% to 20% of individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), account for significant morbidity in young children with NF1. Overwhelmingly a tumor of children younger than 7 years, OPG may present in individuals with NF1 at any age. Although many OPG may remain indolent and never cause signs or symptoms, others lead to(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the rates of serious bacterial illness (SBI) in children presenting to emergency departments (EDs) with first-time uncomplicated febrile seizures. METHODS The ED visits from seven Chicago metropolitan area hospitals (two tertiary pediatric EDs, five community general EDs) for all pediatric patients seen between July 1995 and December(More)
Identification of new optic pathway tumors (OPTs) and progression of pre-existing OPTs in children with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) have been reported infrequently after age 6. The authors present eight children with NF1 (mean age 12.2 years) seen in three NF1 centers who had either late-onset (four of eight) or late-progressive (seven of eight) OPT.(More)
Optic pathway gliomas and brainstem gliomas are the predominant intracranial neoplasms associated with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Before the past 15 years, studies of optic pathway gliomas in NF1 were hampered by the inaccurate diagnosis of NF1, the unavailability of noninvasive neuroimaging techniques, and the frequent rendering of what would now be(More)
Children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) may present with optic pathway gliomas (OPG) that can progress to visual loss or other neurologic symptoms. These tumors may become evident either as a result of patient signs or symptoms or as an incidental finding on "baseline" neuroimaging studies. In an attempt to determine if there were differences between(More)
To assess the natural history of optic pathway tumors (OPT) in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1), from January 1985 through May 1993 we performed a prospective, longitudinal study of OPT in an unselected population of children with NF-1. Of 227 children with NF-1 seen in a specialty clinic, 176 (77%) underwent neuroimaging. Children in whom(More)
BACKGROUND Although corticosteroids are commonly prescribed in the treatment of bronchiolitis, there is no evidence on the efficacy of these drugs in this disorder. We designed a randomised, double-blind, prospective study to assess the efficacy of dexamethasone in infants with bronchiolitis who require hospital management. METHODS Infants younger than 12(More)
Sixty-five consecutive patients seen in a pediatric emergency department, in whom the diagnosis of intussusception was considered, had an ultrasound examination of the abdomen before a barium enema. The mean age of the patients was 1.7 years (range 2 weeks to 5 years). Intussusception was detected by ultrasonography in all 20 cases proved by barium enema.(More)