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We consider two seemingly very different self-assembly processes: formation of viral capsids and crystallization of sticky disks. At low temperatures, assembly is ineffective, since there are many metastable disordered states, which are a source of kinetic frustration. We use fluctuation-dissipation ratios to extract information about the degree of this(More)
The glass transition is the freezing of a liquid into a solid state without evident structural order. Although glassy materials are well characterized experimentally, the existence of a phase transition into the glass state remains controversial. Here, we present numerical evidence for the existence of a novel first-order dynamical phase transition in(More)
We investigate the dynamics of kinetically constrained models of glass formers by analysing the statistics of trajectories of the dynamics, or histories, using large deviation function methods. We show that, in general, these models exhibit a first-order dynamical transition between active and inactive dynamical phases. We argue that the dynamical(More)
In self-assembly processes, kinetic trapping effects often hinder the formation of thermodynamically stable ordered states. In a model of viral capsid assembly and in the phase transformation of a lattice gas, we show how simulations in a self-assembling steady state can be used to identify two distinct mechanisms of kinetic trapping. We argue that one of(More)
In a recent article [M. Merolle et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102, 10837 (2005)], it was argued that dynamic heterogeneity in d-dimensional glass formers is a manifestation of an order-disorder phenomenon in the d+1 dimensions of space time. By considering a dynamical analog of the free energy, evidence was found for phase coexistence between active(More)
We use computer simulations to investigate self-assembly in a system of model chaperonin proteins, and in an Ising lattice gas. We discuss the mechanisms responsible for rapid and efficient assembly in these systems, and we use measurements of dynamical activity and assembly progress to compare their propensities for kinetic trapping. We use the analytic(More)
Dynamical four-point susceptibilities measure the extent of spatial correlations in the dynamics of glass forming systems. We show how these susceptibilities depend on the lengthscales that necessarily form part of their definition. The behavior of these susceptibilities is estimated by means of an analysis in terms of renewal processes within the context(More)
The extent to which glass-like kinetics govern dynamics in protein folding has been heavily debated. Here, we address the subject with an application of space-time perturbation theory to the dynamics of protein folding Markov state models. Borrowing techniques from the s-ensemble method, we argue that distinct active and inactive phases exist for protein(More)
We analyze biased ensembles of trajectories for diffusive systems. In trajectories biased either by the total activity or the total current, we use fluctuating hydrodynamics to show that these systems exhibit phase transitions into "hyperuniform" states, where large-wavelength density fluctuations are strongly suppressed. We illustrate this behavior(More)
We study the response of probe particles to weak constant driving in kinetically constrained models of glassy systems, and show that the probe's response can be nonmonotonic and give rise to negative differential mobility: increasing the applied force can reduce the probe's drift velocity in the force direction. Other significant nonlinear effects are also(More)