Learn More
Mathematical models and simulations are important tools in discovering key causal relationships governing physiological processes. Simulations guide and improve outcomes of medical interventions involving complex physiology. We developed HumMod, a Windows-based model of integrative human physiology. HumMod consists of 5000 variables describing(More)
Individuals with metabolic syndrome exhibit insulin resistance and an attenuated functional vasodilatory response to exercise. We have shown that impaired functional vasodilation in obese Zucker rats (OZRs) is associated with enhanced thromboxane receptor (TP)-mediated vasoconstriction. We hypothesized that insulin resistance, hyperglycemia/hyperlipidemia,(More)
The object of the present study was to determine whether deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension can be produced in rats in the presence of low total peripheral resistance (TPR) induced by long-term administration of minoxidil, a vasodilator. The rats were divided into four groups: sham-control, DOCA-salt, minoxidil, and DOCA-salt with(More)
ATP-stimulated prostacyclin release from veins was investigated using epigastric veins isolated from hamsters. Veins were perfused with MOPS-buffered physiological salt solution (PSS). ATP was administered into the perfusate, and the bath solution (MOPS-PSS) was collected and assayed for the presence of the stable prostacyclin metabolite 6-keto-PGF1alpha.(More)
Obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension are components of the pathophysiological state known as metabolic syndrome. Adrenergic vasoconstriction is mediated through increases in cytosolic Ca2+ and the myofilaments' sensitivity to Ca2+. In many pathophysiological states, there is an enhanced role for Rho kinase (ROK)-mediated increases in(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that venular administration of ATP resulted in endothelium-dependent dilation of adjacent arterioles through a mechanism involving cyclooxygenase products. Forty-three male golden hamsters were anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium (60 mg/kg ip), and the cremaster muscle was prepared for in vivo microscopy.(More)
Prostacyclin is a powerful vasodilator that is released from vascular endothelial cells. Previous studies in our laboratory have indicated that arachidonic acid metabolites from venous endothelium play an important role in the dilation of adjacent arterioles during muscle stimulation. Furthermore, recent studies have suggested that ATP released from red(More)
Indomethacin or glibenclamide treatments attenuate functional dilation of larger-diameter "feed" arterioles paired with venules in hamster cremaster muscle. We tested the hypothesis that release of cyclooxygenase products from venules is important for functional dilation of third- and fourth-order arterioles. We also tested whether ATP-sensitive potassium(More)
We present a small integrative model of human cardiovascular physiology. The model is population-based; rather than using best fit parameter values, we used a variant of the Metropolis algorithm to produce distributions for the parameters most associated with model sensitivity. The population is built by sampling from these distributions to create the model(More)
HumMod [Hester et al. 2011] models interactions between the cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, neural, endocrine, skeletal muscle, and metabolic physiologies. One of the difficulties which must be overcome with HumMod is the fact that the number of parameters is prohibitive in developing a clear and comprehensive view of the interactions between(More)