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Hypoxic states are associated with abnormal proliferation and constriction of the smooth muscle cells surrounding the distal vessels of the lung. In hypoxic as well as in normal states, the endothelial cell layer may play a key role in controlling smooth muscle tone by secreting a number of vasoactive agents. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), produced(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between postoperative serum lactate levels and outcome in children undergoing open heart surgery. DESIGN Prospective, noninterventional study. SETTING Pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a university hospital. PATIENTS 41 nonconsecutive children who had had cardiopulmonary bypass for repair of congenital(More)
A 3-year-old 18 kg male child of the Jehovah's Witness faith presented with severe aortic regurgitation. A successful Ross procedure was performed using a pulmonary autograft, without the use of blood or blood product transfusion. Blood conservation strategy included: (1) preoperative treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin; (2) intraoperative(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary endothelial dysfunction after brief ischemia-reperfusion (IR) remains a clinical problem. We investigated the role of heparin and N-acetylheparin, a nonanticoagulant heparin derivative, in modulating coronary endothelial function after IR injury, with an emphasis on defining the role of the nitric oxide (NO)-cGMP pathway in the(More)
BACKGROUND While endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is an important regulator of vascular tone, it is also constitutively expressed in cardiac myocytes and contributes to the regulation of myocardial function. The role of eNOS in ischemia-reperfusion is uncertain, however, with some studies showing beneficial effects while other studies demonstrate(More)
We describe the development of a clinical data repository whose core consists of four years of inpatient administrative and billing data from the mainframe legacy systems of the University of Virginia Health System (UVAHS). To these data we have linked a cardiac surgery clinical database and our physician billing data (inpatient and outpatient). Other(More)
BACKGROUND We report a single-institution experience using a collaborative surgical and catheter-based approach to the initial treatment of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. METHODS A retrospective review was conducted of all neonates admitted with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum from 1996 to March 2007. RESULTS We(More)
Patients undergoing congenital heart surgery may occasionally require additional surgical procedures in the form of tracheostomy and gastrostomy. These procedures are often performed in an attempt to diminish hospital morbidity and length of stay. We reviewed the Web-based medical records of all patients undergoing congenital heart surgery at Miami(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) during complex neonatal single ventricle palliation requiring arch reconstruction is uncertain. We adapted the use of ACP in early 2001 in a programmatic effort to minimize the use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). METHODS We retrospectively analyzed data of 126 consecutive(More)