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I n 1994, a panel appointed by the Stroke Council of the American Heart Association authored guidelines for the management of patients with acute ischemic stroke. 1 After the approval of the use of intravenous recombinant tissue plas-minogen activator (rtPA) for treatment of acute ischemic stroke by the Food and Drug Administration, the guidelines were(More)
Stenosis or occlusion of the major arteries of the head and neck may cause hemodynamic impairment of the distal cerebral circulation. Hemodynamic factors may play an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke for patients with cerebrovascular disease. Several neuroimaging methods are currently available for the indirect assessment of the(More)
We conducted a multi-stage, genome-wide association study of bladder cancer with a primary scan of 591,637 SNPs in 3,532 affected individuals (cases) and 5,120 controls of European descent from five studies followed by a replication strategy, which included 8,382 cases and 48,275 controls from 16 studies. In a combined analysis, we identified three new(More)
The St. Louis Carotid Occlusion Study demonstrated that ipsilateral increased O2 extraction fraction (OEF) (Stage II hemodynamic failure) measured by positron emission tomography (PET) is a powerful independent risk factor for subsequent stroke in patients with symptomatic complete carotid artery (CA) occlusion. The ipsilateral ischemic stroke rate at 2(More)
The technique of positron emission tomography was used to measure cerebral blood volume (CBV) in 10 normal right-handed human volunteers following inhalation of trace quantities of cyclotron-produced, 11C-labeled carbon monoxide. In scans obtained 4 cm above the orbitomeatal line, CBV was 4.3 ml per 100 gm of tissue, whereas in scans obtained 8 cm above the(More)
OBJECT Ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) may occur after the treatment of intracranial aneurysms with Guglielmi detachable coils (GDCs). The purpose of the present study is to investigate possible risk factors for thromboembolic events and to determine their frequency and time course. METHODS The records of 178 consecutive patients with(More)
Emission computed tomography (CT) is a nuclear medicine visualization technique that yields an image of the distribution of a previously administered radionuclide in any desired transverse section of the body. Emission CT allows the safe, quantitative, three-dimensional measurement of regional radionuclide distribution in tissue. This approach is analogous(More)
OBJECT Recently, concern has been raised that hyperventilation following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) could lead to cerebral ischemia. In acute ischemic stroke, in which the baseline metabolic rate is normal, reduction in cerebral blood flow (CBF) below a threshold of 18 to 20 ml/100 g/min is associated with energy failure. In severe TBI, however,(More)