Robert L. Eisner

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A software procedure is presented for fully automated detection of brain contours from single-echo 3-D MRI data, developed initially for scans with coronal orientation. The procedure detects structures in a head data volume in a hierarchical fashion. Automatic detection starts with a histogram-based thresholding step, whenever necessary preceded by an image(More)
BACKGROUND To compare cost-effectiveness and utility of four clinical algorithms to diagnose obstructive coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (CAD), we compared exercise ECG (ExECG), stress single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), positron emission tomography (PET), and coronary angiography. METHODS AND RESULTS Published data and a(More)
The study protocol was HIPAA compliant and institutional review board approved. Informed consent was obtained from all participants. The purpose of the study was to prospectively validate the capability of navigator-echo-gated phase-contrast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for measurement of myocardial velocities in a phantom and to prospectively use the(More)
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial 201TI imaging appears to offer major improvements over planar imaging. Quantitative analysis of the 201TI images appears to offer major advantages over subjective analysis in planar imaging, but the three-dimensional data available in SPECT images requires special approaches to analysis and(More)
We have developed a procedure to detect patient motion during a tomographic acquisition. The method uses frame-to-frame cross-correlation functions of the summed profiles in the vertical and horizontal directions of the planar images. The quantitative output derived from examination of the variation of the change in the pixel value, corresponding to the(More)
The purpose of this review is to compare several modalities available for detection of coronary artery disease (CAD). We compare the clinical history, rest/exercise electrocardiogram (ECG), rest/stress left ventricular (LV) function by radionuclide or echocardiographic methods, myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) by single photon emission computed tomography(More)
The bull's-eye technique synthesizes three-dimensional information from single photon emission computed tomographic 201TI images into two dimensions so that a patient's data can be compared quantitatively against a normal file. To characterize the normal database and to clarify differences between males and females, clinical data and exercise(More)
UNLABELLED Technetium-99m-sestamibi images reflect tracer distribution at the time of injection. This "stay put" indicator allowed us to separate the effects of segmental left ventricular dysfunction per se versus myocardial blood flow on SPECT "perfusion" images in ten dogs. METHODS An electromagnetic flow probe and hydraulic occluder were placed on the(More)
PURPOSE To compare longitudinal myocardial velocity and time to peak longitudinal velocity obtained with magnetic resonance phase velocity mapping (MR-PVM) and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), and to assess the reproducibility of each method. MATERIALS AND METHODS Longitudinal myocardial velocity was measured by TDI and MR-PVM in 10 normal volunteers and 10(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the reproducibility of a new multisite axial pulse wave velocity (PWV) measurement technique that makes use of 2D PCMR data and cross-correlation analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS PWV was estimated with MRI in 13 healthy volunteers by a transit-time technique (TT), a multisite technique utilizing 1D PCMR data in the descending aorta(More)