Robert L Dedrick

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OBJECTIVE The goals of this clinical trial of intraventricular 454A12-rRA therapy were to identify dose-limiting toxicities, to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of single-dose intraventricular 454A12-rRA, and to detect antitumor activity. METHODS We performed a pilot study of intraventricular therapy with the immunotoxin 454A12-rRA in eight patients with(More)
Hyperosmolar blood-brain barrier disruption (HBBBD), produced by infusion of mannitol into the cerebral arteries, has been used in the treatment of brain tumors to increase drug delivery to tumor and adjacent brain. However, the efficacy of HBBBD in brain tumor therapy has been controversial. The goal of this study was to measure changes in vascular(More)
OBJECT The activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), the principal inhibitory neurotransmitter, is reduced in the hippocampus in patients with complex partial seizures from mesial temporal sclerosis. To provide preliminary safety and distribution data on using convection-enhanced delivery of agents to treat complex partial seizures and to test the(More)
OBJECT Convection-enhanced delivery (CED), the delivery and distribution of drugs by the slow bulk movement of fluid in the extracellular space, allows delivery of therapeutic agents to large volumes of the brain at relatively uniform concentrations. This mode of drug delivery offers great potential for the treatment of many neurological disorders,(More)
Treatment of brain tumors by intra-arterial (IA) chemotherapy is occasionally complicated by sites of focal toxicity in the brain and retina. A possible cause of focal toxicity is non-uniform drug delivery due to intravascular drug streaming. To investigate this phenomenon in vivo, the authors examined the distribution of drug delivery after internal(More)
PURPOSE Sustained-release intravitreal drug implants for posterior segment diseases are associated with significant complications. As an alternative, subconjunctival infusions of drug to the episclera of the back of the eye have been performed, but results in clinical trials for macular diseases showed mixed RESULTS To improve understanding of(More)
Measurements of drug concentration in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) provide the most accessible index of drug delivery to the brain. Our perception of the blood-brain barrier has been largely shaped by these measurements. A crucial question for the interpretation of these data is the nature of the relationships between drug concentration in CSF and the drug(More)
A model was developed to determine whether protein-based chemotherapeutic agents can cross the blood-brain barrier and successfully treat brain tumors. The human small-cell lung carcinoma N417D was grown as a solid tumor in the nude rat brain, and diphtheria toxin (DT) was administered intravenously as therapy. Because rat cells lack functional DT receptors(More)
Sporadic instances of retinal damage and of focal brain toxicity have been observed following intracarotid artery infusions of chemotherapeutic agents (such as BCNU and cis-platinum) for the treatment of glioblastomas. The episodic nature of these toxicities is consistent with the possibility that the drug solutions were streaming from the catheter tip and,(More)
Physiologic pharmacokinetic models are a useful interface between exposure models and risk assessment models by providing a means to estimate tissue concentrations of reactive chemical species at the site of action. The models utilize numerous parameters that can be characterized as anatomical, such as body size or tissue volume; physiological, such as(More)