Robert L. DeLaPaz

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recovery from hemiparesis due to corticospinal tract infarction is well documented, but the mechanism of recovery is unknown. Functional MRI (fMRI) provides a means of identifying focal brain activity related to movement of a paretic hand. Although prior studies have suggested that supplementary motor regions in the ipsilesional and(More)
Positron emission tomography was used to measure local cerebral glucose utilization by the 1-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose technique in 23 patients with cerebral gliomas. All 10 high-grade (III and IV) astrocytomas demonstrated a region of high activity with a glucose consumption of 7.4 +/- 3.5 (SD) mg/100 gm per minute. The 13 low-grade (I and II) gliomas(More)
The hippocampal formation is composed of separate anatomical regions interconnected to form a circuit, and investigating abnormal hippocampal function is most revealing at the level of these regions. Until recently, regional analysis of the hippocampal formation could be performed only in animals or in human postmortem tissue. Here, we report a method using(More)
The neural basis for perceptual grouping operations in the human visual system, including the processes which generate illusory contours, is fundamental to understanding human vision. We have employed functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate these processes noninvasively. Images were acquired on a GE Signa 1.5T scanner equipped for echo planar(More)
Circuits within the hippocampal formation are active during memory processing. Here we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine multiple sites across the long axis of the hippocampal formation while subjects performed different phases of an associative memory task, learning to associate faces with names. Viewing faces and hearing names(More)
There is epidemiologic and imaging evidence for the presence of cognitive reserve, but the neurophysiologic substrate of CR has not been established. In order to test the hypothesis that CR is related to aspects of neural processing, we used fMRI to image 19 healthy young adults while they performed a nonverbal recognition test. There were two task(More)
PURPOSE To determine the incidence and associated risk factors of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) in patients who undergo gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA)-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval was obtained for retrospective review of the medical records from two hospitals to identify(More)
The study aimed to identify task-related brain activation networks whose change in expression exhibits subject differences as a function of differential susceptibility to sleep deprivation. Brain activity during a non-verbal recognition memory task was investigated in an event-related functional MRI paradigm both prior to and after 48 h of sleep(More)
Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are frequently evaluated before therapeutic embolization by superselective injection of anesthetics into individual arterial branches so as to determine whether permanent occlusion would affect eloquent function. In Experiment 1, we used this adaptation of the Wada procedure to study three right-handed adult(More)
Memory function commonly declines in later life. Whether memory decline represents a disease process or whether it is part of normal aging remains unknown. Here we answer this question by assessing the function of multiple subregions that make up the hippocampal circuit across the human life span. A newly developed MRI approach--designed to detect(More)