Robert L. Comis

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PURPOSE E2100, an open-label, randomized, phase III trial conducted by the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG), demonstrated a significant improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) and overall response rate (ORR) with paclitaxel plus bevacizumab compared with paclitaxel alone as initial chemotherapy for patients with HER2-negative metastatic(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study is to understand the attitudes of American adults toward participation in cancer clinical trials. METHODS A national probability sample of 1,000 adults aged 18 and older living in noninstitutional settings was interviewed by telephone by Harris Interactive during March and April 2000. One participant was selected from(More)
Purpose: Objectives of this study were to obtain data from Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) oncologists regarding their views on quality of life (QOL) information; perform psychometric testing on the MD-QOL questionnaire, develop a model to describe oncologists' willingness to use QOL information and propose data-based interventions to facilitate(More)
During the last decade, the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) has studied a series of combination chemotherapy regimens in metastatic (stage IV) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In January 1984, the ECOG activated a randomized study, EST 1583, which concluded the evaluation of combination regimens in phase III trials and initiated the evaluation(More)
The Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) conducted a prospective randomized trial to evaluate the role of warfarin and alternating chemotherapy in extensive small-cell lung cancer (SCCL). After stratification for sex and performance status, patients were randomly assigned to receive chemotherapy with methotrexate, doxorubicin (Adriamycin; Adria Laboratories,(More)
PURPOSE Estramustine phosphate (EMP) and vinblastine are two microtubule inhibitors with distinct molecular targets and at least additive antimicrotubule effects in vitro. Their modest single-agent activities in hormone-refractory prostate cancer, nonoverlapping toxicities, and lack of cross-resistance prompted a phase II trial in hormone-refractory(More)
Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) accrued 1,745 patients with limited (LD) or extensive (ED) small-cell lung cancer (SCCL) to five separate trials between 1972 and 1986. We reviewed these data to evaluate the impact of pretreatment prognostic factors on outcome. In multivariate analysis, female gender was predictive of improved response (LD, P = .01; ED,(More)
Survival data from eight Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) protocols were examined for patients with lung cancer (N = 961), multiple myeloma (N = 577), gastric cancer (N = 231), pancreatic cancer (N = 174), breast cancer (N = 87), and Hodgkin's disease (N = 58). After accounting for differences in survival rate attributable to type of cancer, initial(More)
Researchers, practitioners, and participants in cancer clinical trials must have a clear understanding of clinical trials if participation in them is to be solicited ethically and effectively. A valid and reliable measure of cancer clinical trial understanding did not exist prior to a 2005 study conducted for the Coalition of Cooperative Cancer Groups. This(More)
Higher response rates in colorectal cancer have been observed with regimens that increase the cytotoxicity of fluorouracil (5-FU) by altering the biochemical milieu at its site(s) of action. Phosphonacetyl-L-aspartate (PALA), which inhibits aspartate transcarbamylase and depletes uridine nucleotide pools in vitro and in vivo, selectively potentiates the(More)