Robert L. Cleek

Learn More
Purpose. This paper compares unsteady-state and steady-state methods for estimating dermal absorption or analyzing dermal absorption data. The unsteady-state method accounts for the larger absorption rates during short exposure times as well as the hydrophilic barrier which the viable epidermis presents to lipophilic chemicals. Methods. Example calculations(More)
To evaluate systemic chemical exposure from dermal absorption, one must know the mass of chemical absorbed including the portion that has entered the skin but not yet entered the body's interior system. Algebraic equations are presented for estimating dermal absorption including the effects of exposure time and chemical nature of the compound, in particular(More)
The present investigation evaluates the effects of long-term, local delivery of insulin, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on fat-graft survival using a poly (lactic-co-glycolic-acid)-polyethylene glycol (PLGA/PEG) microsphere delivery system. Twelve-micrometer PLGA/PEG microspheres incorporated separately with(More)
Polydispersed poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) membranes comprised of blends of monodispersed PLLA of weight average molecular weight of 82,500 and 7600 were fabricated to investigate the effect of polydispersity on degradation characteristics. The PLLA blends exhibited large spherulites of high molecular weight chains embedded in a low molecular weight matrix.(More)
A new method for estimating dermal absorption including the effects of exposure time and chemistry is described generally in Part 1 of this series. This method accounts for the larger absorption rates during the initial exposure period as well as the hydrophilic barrier which the viable epidermis presents to lipophilic chemicals. A key parameter in this(More)
We fabricated poly(DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) 50:50 microparticles loaded with an antisense (AS) oligodeoxy-nucleotide (ODN) against the rat tenascin mRNA and determined the effect in vitro of the AS-ODN released on smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and migration. AS-ODN was entrapped using a double-emulsion-solvent-extraction technique with(More)
This study was undertaken to characterize the duration of long-term growth factor delivery by poly(lactic-co-glycolic-acid)-polyethylene glycol (PLGA/PEG) microspheres and to evaluate the potential of long-term delivery of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) for the de novo generation of adipose tissue in vivo. PLGA/PEG microspheres containing(More)
The adipofascial flaps currently described in the literature frequently lack the volume requirements for reconstructive goals. In this study, the authors examined the use of long-term local delivery of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) using polylactic-coglycolic acid/polyethylene glycol (PLGA/PEG) microspheres to augment inguinal(More)
Drug release rates from topical preparations are sometimes measured by monitoring the cumulative mass of drug appearing in a receptor solution (MR). If the topical formulation and receptor solution are in direct contact, then MR increases linearly with square root of t. When a synthetic membrane is placed between the topical formulation and receptor(More)
  • 1