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The distribution of several arabinogalactan protein and pectic epitopes were studied during organogenesis in androgenic callus of wheat. In cell wall of mature and degenerating parenchyma cells, the arabinogalactan epitopes JIM4, JIM14, JIM16 or LM2 were expressed differently according to the cells location. LM2 was observed also in meristematic cells of(More)
The changes in the activity of some antioxidant enzymes and endogenous H2O2 level in zygotic sunflower embryos during organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis were monitored. Pathways of regeneration were induced on media differing with sucrose concentration 87 mmol dm−3 for shoot [shoot induction medium (SIM) medium] and 350 mmol dm−3 [embryo induction(More)
Callus was obtained from hypocotyls of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum seedlings cultured on two types of medium—germination medium (GM) and callus induction medium (CIM). Following subculture on shoot induction medium SIM1, the callus formed on CIM medium regenerated roots or somatic embryos, while that obtained on GM medium was non-regenerative. The(More)
Microscopy and flow cytometry (FCM) were used to study somatic embryogenesis (SE) from zygotic embryos of Trifolium nigrescens Viv. to determine if there were any relationships between characteristics of somatic embryos (morphology, anatomy, genome size stability) and their regenerability. Embryoids were induced on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing(More)
This work demonstrated how reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the regulation of rhizogenesis from hypocotyls of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. cultured on a medium containing 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). The increase of NADPH oxidase activity was correlated with an increase of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content and induction of mitotic(More)
Hypocotyl explants of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum regenerated roots when cultured vertically with either the apical end (AE) or basal end (BE) in media containing indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). IAA alone induced roots regularly from the basal end of the explants, either from the cut surface immersed in the medium or from the opposite side. The inhibitors of(More)
A comparison of the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content, proline and betacyanin concentration and activities of some antioxidant enzymes (catalase, superoxide dismutase, guaiacol and ascorbate peroxidases) was made in Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. calli differing in rhizogenic potential. Callus was induced from hypocotyls of 10-day-old seedlings on a medium(More)
This study developed a plant regeneration protocol for Trifolium nigrescens (Viv.) via somatic embryogenesis (SE). Immature zygotic embryos at torpedo (TsE) and cotyledonary (CsE) stage were cultured on media with different auxins and cytokinins at different concentrations. The cultural requirements for SE differed between the explants used: the addition of(More)
The formation of an extracellular matrix surface network (ECMSN), and associated changes in the distribution of arabinogalactan-protein and pectin epitopes, have been studied during somatic embryogenesis (SE) and callogenesis of Trifolium nigrescens Viv. Scanning electron microscopy observations revealed the occurrence of an ECMSN on the surface of(More)
The aim of this study was to identify and examine the expression pattern of the ortholog of SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS RECEPTOR-LIKE KINASE gene from Trifolium nigrescens (TnSERK) in embryogenic and non-regenerative cultures of immature cotyledonary-stage zygotic embryos (CsZEs). In the presence of 1-naphthaleneacetic acid and N6-[2-isopentenyl]-adenine, the(More)