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Absence of a common diagnostic interview has hampered cross-national syntheses of epidemiological evidence on major depressive episodes (MDE). Community epidemiological surveys using the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview administered face-to-face were carried out in 10 countries in North America (Canada and the US),(More)
Mental disorders are highly prevalent and cause considerable suffering and disease burden. To compound this public health problem, many individuals with psychiatric disorders remain untreated although effective treatments exist. We examine the extent of this treatment gap. We reviewed community-based psychiatric epidemiology studies that used standardized(More)
OBJECTIVES Current information on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among older adults in the United States is lacking. Prevalence of anxiety, mood, and substance disorders was examined by age (18-44, 45-64, 65-74, and 75 years and older) and sex. Covariates of disorders for older adults (65 years and older) were explored. DESIGN Cross-sectional(More)
Adaptive Metropolis-Hastings samplers use information obtained from previous draws to tune the proposal distribution. The tuning is carried out automatically, often repeatedly, and continues after the burn-in period. Because the resulting chain is not Markovian, adaptation needs to be done carefully to ensure convergence to the correct ergodic distribution.(More)
This is an overview of a two-phase epidemiological study of mental disorders among young adults in a ten-year birth cohort (1949-58) conducted in Israel. A sample of 4914 Israel-born offspring of Jewish immigrants was obtained by full probability sampling procedures and screened for caseness using psychometric symptom scales from the Psychiatric(More)
OBJECTIVES This study explored the psychopathological reactions to a natural disaster and their respective risk factors among the elderly in Honduras and their vulnerability as compared to other adults. STUDY SUBJECTS AND SAMPLE: Eight hundred respondents of both genders aged 15 years and above, of which 103 were 60 and over, were selected from high, middle(More)
BACKGROUND The current study compared the quality of interpersonal relationships in individuals with major depressive disorder to individuals with dysthymia, comorbid depression, nonaffective disorders, and no psychiatric disorders. METHODS Using data from the National Comorbidity Study, a series of logistic regressions, controlling for demographic(More)
BACKGROUND In this study we examined the prevalence rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), types of trauma most often associated with PTSD, the co-morbidity of PTSD with other lifetime psychiatric disorders, which disorders preceded PTSD, and gender differences in PTSD and trauma exposure in a representative sample of Chileans. METHOD The(More)