Robert Kikkert

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Periodontitis is a chronic infectious disease associated with a gram-negative subgingival microflora. Bacterial components stimulate, among other receptors, Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and/or TLR4. Accumulating evidence indicates that both qualitatively and quantitatively distinct immune responses result from the triggering of TLR2 as(More)
The influence of chlorpromazine, haloperidol, morphine, chloral hydrate, gamma-butyrolactone, probenecid, kainic acid, oxotremorine, pargyline, yohimbine, (+)-amphetamine, and cocaine on the efflux rate of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) from four brain areas was studied. All drugs studied except pargyline and morphine had an effect on the transport(More)
The monocyte activation test (MAT) has been introduced as an alternative for the detection of pyrogens in pharmaceuticals with the rabbit pyrogen test or the Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) test. The basis of the MAT is that pyrogens, via Toll-like receptors (TLRs) expressed on monocytes, stimulate cytokine production. Here, we report that, at concentrations(More)
Given the shortcomings in the measurement of pyrogenic contamination of pharmaceuticals and/or test substances by means of the rabbit pyrogen test and the Limulus amoebocyte lysate (LAL) test, several in vitro pyrogen tests have been developed based on the measurement of cytokine production by monocytes. In this study we measured cytokine production (IL-6,(More)
The distribution of IL-6 mRNA in the rat brain was studied by in situ hybridization using 35S-labelled oligonucleotides. The mRNA encoding IL-6 was found in hippocampus, hypothalamus, cerebellum as well as in other brain areas. Microscopic analyses revealed both neuronal and glial cell localization of the mRNA. Subsequently, Northern blot analyses were(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Smoking is associated with increased severity of periodontitis. The underlying mechanisms of this phenomenon are not well understood. The purpose of the present study was to compare the monocyte-derived T cell directing (Th1/Th2) response and pro-inflammatory cytokine production in ex vivo whole blood cell cultures (WBCC) of smoking(More)
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