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BACKGROUND The National Institutes of Health Office of Medical Applications of Research commissioned a structured literature review on the incidence, treatment, and outcomes of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) as a background article for the State of the Science Conference on Diagnosis and Management of DCIS. METHODS Published studies were identified and(More)
BACKGROUND Hemodialysis patients are at high risk for cognitive impairment due to their older age and high prevalence of stroke and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS Using a cross-sectional design, the authors measured cognitive function in 374 hemodialysis patients aged 55 years and older and an age-matched comparison group in Minneapolis and St.(More)
This paper presents a historical overview and current perspective of the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) test system. We discuss the history of its development along with a synopsis of the evolution of computerized testing that has occurred and led to ANAM over the past 30 years within the Department of Defense (DoD). We include a(More)
The Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) is a computerized library of tests designed to assess neurocognitive functioning across administrations (Kane & Reeves, 1997). This study was designed to examine neuropsychological constructs measured by selected ANAM measures and to compare them with traditional measures putatively assessing(More)
Cortisol has a well-documented circadian pattern. However, recent studies have demonstrated that individual variation in diurnal cortisol patterns occurs in young adult populations. Since older adults experience altered sleep-wake cycles and changes in circadian rhythmicity, we may see even greater variations in diurnal cortisol patterns in older adults.(More)
BACKGROUND While existing reviews have identified significant predictors of nursing home admission, this meta-analysis attempted to provide more integrated empirical findings to identify predictors. The present study aimed to generate pooled empirical associations for sociodemographic, functional, cognitive, service use, and informal support indicators that(More)
In this article we review studies in which Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) measures were used to screen for impairment in various clinical populations. These clinical groups include patients with multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's dementia, acquired brain injury, and migraine headache.(More)
Neuropsychological functioning was assessed in 39 males who had committed domestic violence (batterers) and compared to 63 nonviolent (both maritally discordant and satisfied) subjects recruited by advertisement. Subjects were subsequently divided into two groups (head injured, nonhead injured) and these groups were also contrasted as a function of batterer(More)
Research into etiology of marital aggression has focused primarily on psychosocial, political, and cultural factors, to the exclusion of physiological influences. Fifty-three partner abusive men, 45 maritally satisfied, and 32 maritally discordant, nonviolent men were evaluated for past history of head injury, by a physician who was not informed of group(More)
Home care quality assurance (QA) must consider features inherent in home care, including: multiple goals, limited provider control, and unique family roles. Successive panels of stakeholders were asked to rate the importance of selected home care outcomes. Most highly rated outcomes were freedom from exploitation, satisfaction with care, physical safety,(More)