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Glycosphingolipids (GSLs) and their sialic acid-containing derivatives, gangliosides, are important cellular components and are abundant in the nervous system. They are known to undergo dramatic changes during brain development. However, knowledge on the mechanisms underlying their qualitative and qualitative changes is still fragmentary. In this(More)
Biochemical studies have indicated that the disialoganglioside, GD3, is a major glycolipid component of the immature vertebrate CNS, but a minor element within the mature CNS. We have investigated its cellular localization in rat CNS by immunofluorescence using a mouse monoclonal antibody that recognizes GD3. In tissue sections of postnatal CNS, the(More)
Peripheral nerve glycolipids, with which anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) antibodies from patients with demyelinating neuropathy and plasma cell dyscrasia cross-react, proved to be novel glycosphingolipids containing a sulfated glucuronyl residue. Consequently, there has been much interest in the immunological role that these sulfated(More)
Gangliosides are expressed in the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane of the cells of all vertebrates and are particularly abundant in the nervous system. Ganglioside metabolism is closely associated with the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD, the most common form of dementia, is a progressive degenerative disease of the brain characterized(More)
Developmental changes in ganglioside composition and biosynthesis was studied in rat brain between embryonic day (E) 14 and birth. In E14 brains, GM3 and GD3 were predominant. At E16, "b" series gangliosides, such as GD1b, GT1b, and GQ1b, increased in content. After E18, "a" series gangliosides such as GM1, GD1a, and GT1a increased in content, and the(More)
Neural stem cells (NSCs) are undifferentiated neural cells characterized by their high proliferative potential and the capacity for self-renewal with retention of multipotency. Over the past two decades, there has been a huge effort to identify NSCs morphologically, genetically, and molecular biologically. It is still controversial, however, what bona fide(More)
We have devised a high performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) densitometry method to resolve the major lipid classes of brain tissue. We used DEAE-Sephadex column chromatography to separate the total lipid into neutral and acidic lipid fractions. The lipid fractions were then spotted on separate HPTLC plates and chromatographed in one dimension using(More)
The mammalian CNS is organized by a variety of cells, such as neurons and glia, which are generated from neural stem cells (NSCs), undifferentiated neural cells characterized by their high proliferative potential while retaining their capacity for self- renewal and multipotency. Various signals from the environment, such as the 'niche,' modulate the fate of(More)
AD (Alzheimer's disease) is a neurodegenerative disease and the most common form of dementia. One of the pathological hallmarks of AD is the aggregation of extracellular Aβs (amyloid β-peptides) in senile plaques in the brain. The process could be initiated by seeding provided by an interaction between G(M1) ganglioside and Aβs. Several reports have(More)