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BACKGROUND Neurogenin-3 (NEUROG3) is expressed in endocrine progenitor cells and is required for endocrine-cell development in the pancreas and intestine. The NEUROG3 gene (NEUROG3) is therefore a candidate for the cause of a newly discovered autosomal recessive disorder characterized by generalized malabsorption and a paucity of enteroendocrine cells. (More)
During herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) latency, gene expression is tightly repressed except for the latency-associated transcript (LAT). The mechanistic basis for this repression is unknown, but its global nature suggests regulation by an epigenetic mechanism such as DNA methylation. Previous work demonstrated that latent HSV-1 genomes are not(More)
Mutagenesis of a cyclic AMP response element (CRE) within the LAT promoter of HSV-1 reduces the ability of LAT expression to be induced in transient assays, but has only a minimal impact on reactivation of the virus in in vitro systems. Here we show that a CRE mutation results in a significant reduction of adrenergically induced reactivation in vivo in the(More)
To study the regulation of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) latency-associated transcript (LAT) expression and processing in the absence of other cis and trans viral functions, a transgenic mouse containing the region encompassing the LAT promoter (LAP1) and the LAT 5' exon through the 2.0-kb intron was created. LAT expression was detectable by reverse(More)
BACKGROUND The study reviews the incidence, timing, and outcome of infectious enteritis (IE) after intestinal transplantation (ITx). METHODS A retrospective review of all patients who underwent ITx at a single institution between 1991 and 2003 was undertaken using database and medical records. Standard statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS Of 33(More)
A previous study identified a 348-bp region at the 5' end of the 8.5-kb latency-associated transcript (LAT) of HSV-1 strain 17Syn+ that is necessary for maximum adrenergically induced reactivation following transcorneal iontophoresis of epinephrine (D.C. Bloom et al., 1996, J. Virol. 70, 2449-2459). In that study, the construct with complete deletion of the(More)
This study shows that an ICP4-replication-deficient herpes simplex virus containing the Moloney murine leukaemia virus LTR fused with the coding sequence for the beta-galactosidase gene can be used as a very effective vector for delivering the beta-galactosidase reporter gene into the rat brain septum. F344 rats received bilateral stereotaxic injections(More)
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) recombinant strain 17CRE contains a site-directed mutation in the 7-bp CRE consensus sequence located 38 nucleotides upstream of the transcription start site. Scarified mouse corneas received inoculations of 17syn+ (parent), 17CRE, and rescue 17CREr. Slit lamp examination of herpetic lesions and tear film swabs containing(More)
While many herpes simplex virus (HSV) structural proteins are expressed with strict-late kinetics, the HSV virion protein 5 (VP5) is expressed as a "leaky-late" protein, such that appreciable amounts of VP5 are made prior to DNA replication. Our goal has been to determine if leaky-late expression of VP5 is a requirement for a normal HSV infection. It had(More)
Manipulation of gene expression in developing or in mature central nervous systems (CNS) holds a promise for the resolution of many compelling neurobiological questions, including the feasibility of gene therapy to treat diseases of the brain. In this context, a number of viral vectors have been used in recent years to introduce and express genes into the(More)