Robert K Thomas

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Using specular reflection of neutrons, we investigate for the first time the structure of a single dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine bilayer adsorbed to a planar quartz surface in an aqueous environment. We demonstrate that the bilayer is strongly adsorbed to the quartz surface and is stable to phase state changes as well as exchange of the bulk aqueous phase.(More)
We have investigated the interfacial and bulk phase structures of surfactin at different pH and in the presence of mono/divalent cations using neutron scattering techniques. Neutron reflectivity profiles were recorded at the air/water and sapphire/water interfaces as a function of pH and ionic strength. The air/water results show that surfactin has a(More)
The lipopeptide surfactin from Bacillus subtilis strains exhibits strong surface and biological activity, the latter probably because of its interaction with biological membranes. We have investigated the interaction of aqueous solutions of surfactin with supported bilayers of diphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) on silica using neutron reflectometry. We have also(More)
The oxidation of organic films on cloud condensation nuclei has the potential to affect climate and precipitation events. In this work we present a study of the oxidation of a monolayer of deuterated oleic acid (cis-9-octadecenoic acid) at the air-water interface by ozone to determine if oxidation removes the organic film or replaces it with a product film.(More)
The self-assembly in solution and adsorption at the air-water interface, measured by small-angle neutron scattering, SANS, and neutron reflectivity, NR, of the monorhamnose and dirhamnose rhamnolipids (R1, R2) and their mixtures, are discussed. The production of the deuterium-labeled rhamnolipids (required for the NR studies) from a Pseudomonas aeruginosa(More)
Four recent papers by Menger et al. have questioned methods of analysis of surface tension (ST) data that use the Gibbs equation to obtain the surface excess (Γ) of a surfactant at the air-water interface. There have been two responses which challenge the assertions of Menger et al. and a response from Menger et al. We use directly determined values of Γ(More)
We report the structure and Young's modulus of switchable films formed by peptide self-assembly at the air-water interface. Peptide surfactant AM1 forms an interfacial film that can be switched, reversibly, from a high- to low-elasticity state, with rapid loss of emulsion and foam stability. Using neutron reflectometry, we find that the AM1 film comprises a(More)
Specular neutron reflection has been used to determine the structure and composition of bovine beta-casein adsorbed on a solid surface from an aqueous phosphate-buffered solution at pH 7. The protein was adsorbed on a hydrophobic monolayer self-assembled from deuterated octadecyltrichlorosilane solution on a silicon (111) surface. A two-layer structure(More)
Well-defined, stable and highly structured I2 (Fd3̅m) liquid crystalline nanoparticles (LCNP) of 50/50 (wt/wt) soy phosphatidylcholine (SPC)/glycerol dioleate (GDO), can be formed by using a low fraction (5-10 wt%) of the dispersing polymeric surfactant polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80 or P80). In the present study we used small(More)
Activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM/CD166) is expressed by hematopoietic stem cells. However, its role in hematopoietic differentiation has not previously been defined. In this study, we show that ALCAM expression is silenced in erythromegakaryocytic progenitor cell lines. In agreement with this finding, the ALCAM promoter is occupied by(More)