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Maryland, will feature an exciting technical program with up-to-date reports on new developments in plasma science and engineering. Information regarding abstract submittal, conference registration, hotel registration, and minicourse registration can all be found on the web site www.ieee.org/icops2004. Plasma science covers a broad spectrum of topics and a(More)
Cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain (BFCN) are selectively vulnerable in neurodegenerative disorders of the elderly, particularly in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated age-related changes in the BFCN that may serve as a substrate for this vulnerability. We report a substantial and selective age-related loss of the calcium binding protein(More)
[1] We report new short‐wave infrared (SWIR) column retrievals of atmospheric methane (X CH4) from the Japanese Greenhouse Gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) and compare observed spatial and temporal variations with correla-tive ground‐based measurements from the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) and with the global 3‐D GEOS‐Chem chemistry(More)
Disease is a major factor driving the evolution of many organisms. In honey bees, selection for social behavioral responses is the primary adaptive process facilitating disease resistance. One such process, hygienic behavior, enables bees to resist multiple diseases, including the damaging parasitic mite Varroa destructor. The genetic elements and(More)
BACKGROUND Honey bees are complex eusocial insects that provide a critical contribution to human agricultural food production. Their natural migration has selected for traits that increase fitness within geographical areas, but in parallel their domestication has selected for traits that enhance productivity and survival under local conditions. Elucidating(More)
Certain geographically distinct areas of the world have very high rates of esophageal cancer (EC). Previous studies have identified western Kenya as a high risk area for EC with an unusual percentage of cases in subjects 30 years of age or younger. To better understand EC in these young patients, we abstracted available data on all 109 young patients(More)
BACKGROUND Honey bees are a mainstay of agriculture, contributing billions of dollars through their pollination activities. Bees have been a model system for sociality and group behavior for decades but only recently have molecular techniques been brought to study this fascinating and valuable organism. With the release of the first draft of its genome in(More)
The Western honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) is a critical component of human agriculture through its pollination activities. For years, beekeepers have controlled deadly pathogens such as Paenibacillus larvae, Nosema spp. and Varroa destructor with antibiotics and pesticides but widespread chemical resistance is appearing and most beekeepers would prefer to(More)
To investigate the mechanism of resistance in the isolates, fragments of gyrA (847 bp) and parC (822 bp) genes were amplifi ed by using primers gyrA-1F (5′-gttttcccagtcacgacgttgtaATGA CCGACGCAACCATCCGCCAC-3′) and gyrA-1R (5′-ttgtgagcggataacaattt cCCAGCTTGGCTTTGTTGACCTG ATAG-3′), and parC-1F (5′-gttttcccag tcacgacgttgtaATGAATACGCAAGC GCACGCCCCA-3′) and(More)
The treatment of melanoma by targeted inhibition of the mutated kinase BRAF with small molecules only temporarily suppresses metastatic disease. In the face of chemical inhibition tumor plasticity, both innate and adaptive, promotes survival through the biochemical and genetic reconfiguration of cellular pathways that can engage proliferative and migratory(More)