Robert K. Parker

Learn More
OBJECTIVE --To assess the influence of a continuous (basal) morphine infusion as part of a patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) system on the postoperative analgesic requirement and on recovery parameters following abdominal hysterectomy. DESIGN --Single-center, randomized, controlled protocol. SETTING --University medical center. PARTICIPANTS --A total(More)
Epidural administration of hydromorphone was evaluated using a patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) delivery system in 170 healthy women undergoing elective cesarean delivery with epidural bupivacaine who were randomly assigned to one of four epidural PCA treatment groups: group I, hydromorphone alone by bolus administration; group II, hydromorphone, with a(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined the extent to which preoperative state and trait anxiety, general need to control, need to control analgesia, expectations regarding postoperative pain, and demographic variables predict the severity of postoperative pain, discomfort, anxiety, duration of recovery, and patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) behaviors. DESIGN Preoperative(More)
Since pain during the early postoperative period can disrupt a patient's normal sleep pattern, we investigated the influence of a nighttime "basal" infusion of morphine on patient comfort, ability to sleep at night, restfulness, and analgesic requirements following elective abdominal hysterectomy. One hundred fifty-six adult women were randomly assigned to(More)
The EXIT (ex utero intrapartum treatment) procedure is used to maintain fetal-placental circulation during partial delivery of a fetus with a potentially life-threatening upper airway obstruction. We performed the EXIT procedure on a fetus with a large intra-oral cyst. Sevoflurane was used as the anesthetic because of its rapid titratability. Sevoflurane(More)
Many obstetric patients receiving epidural analgesia are encouraged to ambulate. This current study was designed to determine the potential for maximizing the time to first epidural supplement when adding clonidine to a 0.625 mg·ml−1 bupivacaine continuous epidural infusion following epidural fentanyl bolus in early labor for patients allowed to ambulate.(More)
Labor analgesia with intrathecal sufentanil has been shown to be prolonged by the addition of intrathecal clonidine. The current study was designed to determine if epidural clonidine would prolong labor analgesia provided by epidural sufentanil. Forty laboring primiparous women at less than 5 cm cervical dilation requesting epidural analgesia were enrolled.(More)
BACKGROUND Ketorolac is a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agent with opioid-sparing properties. The effect of ketorolac on postoperative opioid analgesic requirement and surgical outcome was evaluated in 198 women after abdominal hysterectomy procedures using a double-blind protocol design. METHODS Patients were randomly assigned to receive either 60 mg(More)
UNLABELLED Intrathecal sufentanil provides approximately 2 h of excellent labor analgesia with minimal motor blockade. Epidural sufentanil has received less scrutiny but may provide the same benefits as intrathecal sufentanil. In this study, we compared epidural sufentanil 40 microg after a lidocaine with an epinephrine test dose with intrathecal (i.t.)(More)
UNLABELLED Epidural sufentanil, after a lidocaine and epinephrine test dose, provides adequate analgesia and allows for ambulation during early labor. Epidural fentanyl has not been evaluated in this setting. The current study was designed to determine whether there is an analgesic difference between epidural fentanyl and epidural sufentanil in laboring(More)