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Neolithic patrilineal signals indicate that the Armenian plateau was repopulated by agriculturalists
TLDR
This investigation assesses Y-chromosomal diversity in four geographically distinct populations that represent the extent of historical Armenia and detects very restricted genetic affinities with Europe that suggest any later cultural diffusions from Armenia to Europe were not associated with substantial amounts of paternal gene flow, despite the presence of closely related Indo-European languages.
To what extent did Neanderthals and modern humans interact?
TLDR
The current anthropological, archaeological and genetic data are reviewed, which shed some light on these questions and provide insight into the exact nature of the relationships between these two groups of humans.
Insights on human evolution: an analysis of Alu insertion polymorphisms
TLDR
It is proposed that 11 of the 27 Alu elements could be useful as part of the current AIM panels to assess phylogenetic relationships, consistent with a pattern of isolation by distance, small population size and, accordingly, substantial genetic drift.
Regionalized autosomal STR profiles among Armenian groups suggest disparate genetic influences.
TLDR
Whether any evidence for genetic regional partitioning in Armenians exists is addressed by analyzing, for the first time, 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci in 404 Armenians from four geographically well-characterized collections that represent distinct communities from across Historical Armenia.
Ancient retroviral insertions among human populations
TLDR
The phylogenetic relationships observed among the nine populations based on the four retroviral HERV-K loci are consistent not only with prior genetic analyses with other traditional marker systems but also with reported historical and biogeographical data.