Robert John Watson

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DNA prepared from soil usually contains a brown-tinted inhibitor of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) which limits the sensitivity of this technique for specific detection of microorganisms. To localize the inhibitor, soil fractions were tested for their inhibitory effect on the PCR reaction. A highly inhibitory activity, sufficient to account for the(More)
Rhizobium (Sinorhizobium) meliloti strains capable of dissimilatory nitrous oxide reduction (Nos+) carry a nosRZDFY gene cluster on a 10.1 kb EcoRI fragment of the nod megaplasmid near the fixGHIS genes. These nos genes are arranged in three complementation groups and the 10.1 kb EcoRI fragment is sufficient to confer Nos activity to R. meliloti strains(More)
λ transducing phages carrying segments of the Escherichia coli chromosome in the dapB region have been isolated and their in vivo gene products analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. One of these phages, λddapB-2, carries the structural genes for ribosomal protein S20 (rpsT) and isoleucyltransfer RNA synthetase (ileS). The most likely gene order(More)
A specialized transducing bacteriophage lambdadpolCdap D-9 has been isolated that carries the structural gene for EF-Ts1 (tsf). The presence of EF-Ts among the proteins synthesized under the direction of this phage in UVL-inactivated cells has been detected by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and has been verified by antibody precipitation. In an induced(More)
The complete nos region essential for dissimilatory nitrous oxide reduction by the endosymbiotic diazotroph Rhizobium meliloti was identified in a cosmid (pYC7) carrying a 10.1-kb EcoRI fragment of the nod megaplasmid. This gene region was localized by Southern hybridization and Tn5 mutagenesis to within 8 kb downstream from the fixGHIS cluster. Nucleotide(More)
A mutant of Rhizobium meliloti, 4R3, which is unable to grow on aspartate has been isolated. The defect is specific to aspartate utilization, since 4R3 is not an auxotroph and grows as well as its parent strain on other carbon and nitrogen sources. The defect was correlated with an inability to fix nitrogen within nodules formed on alfalfa. Transport of(More)
Photorhabdus are Gram negative bacteria that are pathogenic to insect larvae whilst also having a mutualistic interaction with nematodes from the family Heterorhabditis. Iron is an essential nutrient and bacteria have different mechanisms for obtaining both the ferrous (Fe2+) and ferric (Fe3+) forms of this metal from their environments. In this study we(More)
Photorhabdus is a genus of insect-pathogenic bacteria that also maintains a mutualistic interaction with Heterorhabditid nematodes. Bacteria in this genus are members of the family Enterobacteriaceae and are, therefore, closely related to many important mammalian pathogens. This bacteria-nematode complex has been exploited as a biocontrol agent that is(More)
Nucleotide sequencing of Rhizobium meliloti insertion sequence ISRm1 showed that it is 1319 nucleotides long and includes 32/31 nucleotide terminal inverted repeats. Analysis of five different insertion sites using sequencing primers complementary to sequences within the left and right ends demonstrated that ISRm1 generates five bp direct repeats at the(More)
An Escherichia coli mutant, ts9, previously reported by Flaks et al. (Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 31, 623-631, 1966) to have an electrophoretically altered ribosomal protein, has been further characterized and the altered component has been identified as L7/L12. Although mutant ts9 is temperature sensitive for growth (rts-), the rts and L7/L12(More)