Robert Jakob

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization | August 2007, 85 (8) Setting international standards for verbal autopsy Frank Baiden,a Ayaga Bawah,b Sidu Biai,c Fred Binka,b Ties Boerma,d Peter Byass,e Daniel Chandramohan,f Somnath Chatterji,d Cyril Engmann,g Dieltiens Greet,h Robert Jakob,d Kathleen Kahn,i Osamu Kunii,j Alan D Lopez,k Christopher J L Murray,l(More)
BACKGROUND Coverage of civil registration and vital statistics varies globally, with most deaths in Africa and Asia remaining either unregistered or registered without cause of death. One important constraint has been a lack of fit-for-purpose tools for registering deaths and assigning causes in situations where no doctor is involved. Verbal autopsy(More)
Global advances in patient safety have been hampered by the lack of a uniform classification of patient safety concepts. This is a significant barrier to developing strategies to reduce risk, performing evidence-based research and evaluating existing healthcare policies relevant to patient safety. Since 2005, the World Health Organization's World Alliance(More)
Editorials 403 Although 2015 is only three years away, many countries are not on track to reach the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), particularly goals 4 and 5, which call for reductions in child and maternal mortality rates. Targeted interventions are needed for rapid progress to take place. However, reliable estimates of the numbers,(More)
BACKGROUND The United States is about to make a major nationwide transition from ICD-9-CM coding of hospital discharges to ICD-10-CM, a country-specific modification of the World Health Organization's ICD-10. As this transition occurs, the WHO is already in the midst of developing ICD-11. Given this context, we undertook this review to discuss: (1) the(More)
Objective Verbal autopsy (VA) is a systematic approach for determining causes of death (CoD) in populations without routine medical certification. It has mainly been used in research contexts and involved relatively lengthy interviews. Our objective here is to describe the process used to shorten, simplify, and standardise the VA process to make it feasible(More) Published online October 13, 2016 1 Department of Information, Evidence and Research, WHO, Avenue Appia 20, 1211, Geneva, Switzerland (TB, RJ, CM, AS); Flinders University, Adelaide, SA, Australia (JH); and German Institute of Medical Documentation and Information (DIMDI), Cologne, Germany(More)
BACKGROUND Reliable and representative cause of death (COD) statistics are essential to inform public health policy, respond to emerging health needs, and document progress towards Sustainable Development Goals. However, less than one-third of deaths worldwide are assigned a cause. Civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems in low- and(More)
Dynamic languages are praised for their flexibility and expressiveness, but static analysis often yields many false positives and verification is cumbersome for lack of structure. Hence, unit testing is the prevalent incomplete method for validating programs in such languages. Falsification is an alternative approach that uncovers definite errors in(More)
BACKGROUND The 11<sup>th</sup> revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), for the first time in ICD history, deployed web-based collaboration of experts and ICT tools. To ensure that ICD-11 is working well, it needs to be systematically field tested in different settings, across the world. This will be done by means of a number of(More)