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BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus (HPV) contribution in vulvar intraepithelial lesions (VIN) and invasive vulvar cancer (IVC) is not clearly established. This study provides novel data on HPV markers in a large series of VIN and IVC lesions. METHODS Histologically confirmed VIN and IVC from 39 countries were assembled at the Catalan Institute of Oncology(More)
Currently, cancer diagnosis relies mostly on morphological examination of exfoliated, aspirated cells or surgically removed tissue. As long as standard diagnosis is concerned, this classical approach seems to be satisfactory. In the recent years, cancer progression has been shown to be accompanied by alterations in mechanical properties of cells. This(More)
Knowledge about human papillomaviruses (HPV) types involved in anal cancers in some world regions is scanty. Here, we describe the HPV DNA prevalence and type distribution in a series of invasive anal cancers and anal intraepithelial neoplasias (AIN) grades 2/3 from 24 countries. We analyzed 43 AIN 2/3 cases and 496 anal cancers diagnosed from 1986 to 2011.(More)
AIM This work describes the human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence and the HPV type distribution in a large series of vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) grades 2/3 and vaginal cancer worldwide. METHODS We analysed 189 VAIN 2/3 and 408 invasive vaginal cancer cases collected from 31 countries from 1986 to 2011. After histopathological evaluation of(More)
PURPOSE The study was carried out to ascertain the experience of pregnant women with cardiac disease in one referral center. METHODS From 1986 to 2004, 242 pregnant women with heart disease were followed by the same obstetrical and cardiology center. The cardiac diagnosis was additionally confirmed with echocardiography and heart catheterization during(More)
High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) types cause cervical lesions of varying severity, ranging from transient productive infections to high-grade neoplasia. Disease stratification requires the examination of lesional pathology, and possibly also the detection of biomarkers. P16(INK4a) and MCM are established surrogates of high-risk HPV E6/E7 activity, and(More)
Grading cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) determines clinical management of women after abnormal cytology with potential for overdiagnosis and overtreatment. We studied a novel biomarker of human papillomavirus (HPV) life-cycle completion (panHPVE4), in combination with the minichromosome maintenance (MCM) protein cell-cycle marker and the p16INK4a(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the diagnostic accuracy of three-dimensional sonohysterography (3D-SIS) and office hysteroscopy in uterine cavity assessment after hysteroscopic metroplasty (HM) and determine the interrater/intrarater agreement for 3D-SIS. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING University hospital, private hospital, and clinic. (More)
BACKGROUND Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in concert with insulin-like binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3), insulin-like binding protein 2 (IGFBP-2), human growth hormone (GH) and P53 protein is involved in autocrine/paracrine growth signaling pathways as an adaptive response to environmental stimuli. OBJECTIVE The study evaluated the local secretion of(More)
Sir, We are following with interest the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology/European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy (ESHRE/ESGE) initiative to create a new classification of female genital tract congenital anomalies (Grimbizis et al. 2013). We applied the European criteria routinely using three-dimensional (3D)ultrasonography, while(More)