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Von Neumann, Morgenstern, and the Creation of Game Theory: From Chess to Social Science, 1900-1960
Introduction Part I. Struggle and Equilibrium: From Lasker to von Neumann: 1. 'The strangest states of mind': chess, psychology and Emanuel Lasker's Kampf 2. 'Deeply rooted yet alien': Hungarian Jews
Reading Cournot, Reading Nash: The Creation and Stabilisation of the Nash Equilibrium
The concept of the Cournot-Nash equilibrium is central to noncooperative game theory and the latter's use in macroeconomic theory. This paper considers the creation of this theoretical construct,
The Collapse of Interwar Vienna: Oskar Morgenstern’s Community, 1925-1950
From the perspective of science, art and intellectual life in general, Interwar Vienna was one of the most vibrant communities in modern European history. Within the field of economics, it was home
Value, sign, and social structure: the 'game' metaphor and modern social science
This exploratory paper, part of continued work on the history of game theory, seeks to illustrate certain links between von Neumann's theory of games and contemporaneous ideas in other fields. In
Ethics and the Excluded Middle: Karl Menger and Social Science in Interwar Vienna
For over a decade, before he fled to the United States in 1937, the Viennese mathematician Karl Menger (1902-1985) was both a participant in the discussions of the Vienna Circle, with Hahn, Schlick,
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