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We have suggested that altered maternal metabolism may affect the subsequent anthropometric and neuropsychological development of children who were in utero during disturbances in maternal fuel economy. This study reports the physical growth through 8 yr of age and the neuropsychological development through 4 yr of age in offspring of diabetic mothers(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the instructional effectiveness and efficiency of a pediatric multimedia textbook (MMTB) with that of a standard lecture and of a printed textbook in a prospective, interinstitutional study. DESIGN Randomized, prospective cohort. SETTINGS An urban and a rural medical school affiliated with tertiary care hospitals. POPULATION(More)
Eighteen patients treated with prednisone on alternate days for varying degrees of alopecia areata (AA) were examined a mean of 15 months after discontinuation of the drug. Despite an initial response to the therapy, long-term benefit was not thought to be substantial. Numerous side effects related either to systemic corticosteroids or to AA were apparent(More)
In a combined mail and medical record survey of 121 non-diabetic and 90 diabetic girls greater than or equal to 9 years of age, the mean age of menarche in the control non-diabetic population was 13.0 +/- 1.2 years and 13.4 +/- 1.2 years in the diabetics. The diabetic group was divided into those whose onset was before or after age 11 years (DM less than(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The goal of this prospective, interinstitutional study was to compare the long-term instructional effectiveness of a pediatric multimedia textbook (MMTB) to that of a standard lecture and a printed textbook. MATERIALS AND METHODS A randomized cohort of 89 3rd-year medical students from two institutions were initially evaluated(More)
1. The effects of the continuous infusion of atrial natriuretic peptide on the development of pulmonary hypertension were studied in rats exposed to chronic hypoxia. 2. Continuous intravenous infusion of two doses of synthetic rat atrial natriuretic peptide, 300 ng/h per rat (0.10 pmol/h per rat) and 800 ng/h per rat (0.28 pmol/h per rat), attenuated the(More)
Using an indirect immunofluorescence test on suspensions of viable, insulin-producing islet cells from rats, we found that 32 per cent (28/88) of insulin-treated patients with juvenile diabetes have islet-cell-surface antibodies in their circulation. These antibodies also occurred in four of nine children with glucose intolerance, in one of 24 healthy(More)
We have investigated the role of endothelium-derived relaxing factor in modulating hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction by inhibiting its synthesis with the false substrate NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) in the isolated blood-perfused lungs of Wistar rats after chronic hypoxia (CH, fractional inspiratory O2 concentration 10%) for 15 h, 2 days, and 7 days.(More)