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The cleanup of soils and groundwater contaminated with hydrocarbons is of particular importance in minimizing the environmental impact of petroleum and petroleum products and in preventing contamination of potable water supplies. Consequently, there is a growing industry involved in the treatment of contaminated topsoils, subsoils, and groundwater. The(More)
This paper reviews aspects of the physiology and biochemistry of the microbial biodegradation of alkanes larger than methane, alkenes and alkynes with particular emphasis upon recent developments. Subject areas discussed include: substrate uptake; metabolic pathways for alkenes and straight and branched-chain alkanes; the genetics and regulation of(More)
The abilities of the white-rot fungi Chrysosporium lignorum, Trametes versicolor, Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Stereum hirsutum to mineralize 3,4-dichloroaniline, dieldrin and phenanthrene were investigated. S. hirsutum did not mineralize any of the test compounds but the other strains partly mineralized them all to varying degrees. The relative(More)
The rate and extent of biodegradation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX) in ground-water was studied in samples from a contaminated site which contained total BTEX concentrations of up to 20 000 microg litre(-1). All compounds were rapidly degraded under natural aerobic conditions. Elevation of incubation temperature, supply of organic(More)
There is growing interest in the enhancement of microbial degradative activities as a means of bringing about the in situ cleanup of contaminated soils and ground water. The halogenated organic compounds are likely to be prime targets for such biotechnological processes because of their widespread utilisation and the biodegradability of many of the most(More)
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