Robert J. Ward

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Malpractice claims filed against anesthesiologists for care involving obstetric (OB) anesthesia (n = 190) were taken from the American Society of Anesthesiologists' Closed Claims Database and compared to claims not involving OB cases (n = 1351). The most common complications in the OB claims were (percentage of all OB claims): maternal death (22%), newborn(More)
Adverse outcomes associated with respiratory events constitute the single largest class of injury in the American Society of Anesthesiology Closed Claims Study (522 of 1541 cases; 34%). Death or brain damage occurred in 85% of cases. The median cost of settlement or jury award was +200,000. Most outcomes (72%) were considered preventable with better(More)
This paper reviews and critiques various approaches to the measurement of reliability among multiple raters in the case of nominal data. We consider measurement of the overall reliability of a group of raters (using kappa-like statistics) as well as the reliability of individual raters with respect to a group. We introduce modifications of previously(More)
Ratings by self, supervisors and peers of surgical residents were compared and contrasted, and the correlation between these ratings and the scores on the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) were studied. In addition, comparisons were made between ratings by residents of their peers (n = 32) and of attending surgeons (n = 61) with(More)
The authors examined the American Society of Anesthesiologists Closed Claims Study database to define the role of nerve damage in the overall spectrum of anesthesia-related injury that leads to litigation. Of 1,541 claims reviewed, 227 (15%) were for anesthesia-related nerve injury. Ulnar neuropathy represented one-third of all nerve injuries and was the(More)
Abdominal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging involves many challenges and is complicated by physiologic motion not encountered to the same degree in other regions of the body. Problems that uniquely affect abdominal MR imaging include motion artifact (from respiratory, cardiac, gastrointestinal, and voluntary movement), susceptibility artifact, conductive and(More)
Widespread use of MRI now allows the routine identification of previously unevaluated traumatic bone marrow oedema and haemorrhage. Similar marrow oedema is identified in patients with tumours, hyperaemia and medullary congestion. Patterns and extent of traumatic bone marrow oedema and haemorrhage are dictated by mechanism. Diffusion techniques may allow(More)
Objective. This study was undertaken to analyse the diffusion characteristics of synovial fluid in degenerative and inflammatory arthropathies. Design and patients. Ten in vitro specimens of synovial fluid from patients with both degenerative and inflammatory arthropathy were studied at body temperature with a navigator-corrected spin echo diffusion(More)