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Uroplakin genes are expressed in a bladder-specific and differentiation-dependent fashion. Using a 3.6-kb promoter of mouse uroplakin II gene, we have generated transgenic mice that express human growth hormone (hGH) in their bladder epithelium, resulting in its secretion into the urine at 100-500 ng/ml. The levels of urine hGH concentration remain constant(More)
Direct microinjection has been used to introduce foreign DNA into a number of terminally differentiated cell types as well as embryos of several species including sea urchin, Candida elegans, Xenopus, Drosophila and mice. Various genes have been successfully introduced into mice including constructs consisting of the mouse metallothionein-I (MT)(More)
Amid the explosion of fundamental knowledge generated from transgenic animal models, a small group of scientists has been producing transgenic livestock with goals of improving animal production efficiency and generating new products. The ability to modify mammary-specific genes provides an opportunity to pursue several distinctly different avenues of(More)
Mastitis is a disease of the mammary gland caused by pathogens that find their way into the lumen of the gland through the teat canal. Mammary gland infections cost the US dairy industry approximately $2 billion dollars annually and have a similar impact in Europe. In the absence of effective treatments or breeding strategies to enhance mastitis resistance,(More)
Molecular mechanisms of development and disease can be studied in transgenic animals. Controlling the spatial and temporal expression patterns of transgenes, however, is a prerequisite for the elucidation of gene function in the whole organism. Previously we reported that mice carrying a tetR/VP16 hybrid gene (tTA), under the control of the human(More)
Expression of the mouse whey acidic protein (WAP) gene is specific to the mammary gland, is induced several thousand-fold during pregnancy, and is under the control of steroid and peptide hormones. To study developmental regulation of the mouse WAP gene, a 7.2-kilobase (kb) WAP transgene, including 2.6 kb of 5'- and 1.6 kb of 3'-flanking sequences, was(More)
The obscured pronuclei or nuclei in living one- and two-celled pig ova were revealed after centrifugation for 3 min at 15,000 X g. To determine viability of centrifuged ova, one- and two-celled pig ova were collected from superovulated gilts; half of the ova were centrifuged and all ova were transferred into recipient gilts. Prior to transfer all embryos(More)
To assess sources of variation in nuclear transfer efficiency, bovine fetal fibroblasts (BFF), harvested from six Jersey fetuses, were cultured under various conditions. After transfection, frozen-thawed lung or muscle BFF donor cells were initially cultured in DMEM in 5% CO(2) and air and some were transferred to MEM, with 5% or 20% O(2) or 0.5% or 10%(More)
The whey acidic protein (WAP) gene is specifically expressed in mammary tissue, and its transcription is induced several thousand-fold during pregnancy and remains high throughout lactation. A purine-rich sequence (PRS) located around -110 of the WAP gene promoter is conserved between mice, rats, and rabbits, suggesting that it features a regulatory(More)
In general, genomic transgenes are expressed efficiently in mice, while their cDNA-based transgenes are frequently silent. Clark et al. (1992) have shown that silent cDNA transgenes under the control of the sheep beta-lactoglobulin promoter can be activated after co-injecting them with a genomic sheep beta-lactoglobulin transgene. We have tested the general(More)