Robert J. Volk

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OBJECTIVE To develop a set of quality criteria for patient decision support technologies (decision aids). DESIGN AND SETTING Two stage web based Delphi process using online rating process to enable international collaboration. PARTICIPANTS Individuals from four stakeholder groups (researchers, practitioners, patients, policy makers) representing 14(More)
BACKGROUND The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Consumption (AUDIT-C) questions have been previously validated as a 3-item screen for alcohol misuse and implemented nationwide in Veterans Affairs (VA) outpatient clinics. However, the AUDIT-C's validity and optimal screening threshold(s) in other clinical populations are unknown. METHODS This(More)
This study examined the association of alcohol use disorders and consumption patterns with various dimensions of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) in primary care patients, as measured by the SF-36 Health Survey. A probability sample of 1333 primary care patients completed the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule to(More)
PURPOSE We wanted to describe how primary care clinicians care for patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS We undertook a cross-sectional study of 95 primary care clinicians and 822 of their established patients with type 2 diabetes from 4 practice-based, primary care research networks in the United States. Clinicians were surveyed about their training and(More)
BACKGROUND Incorporating patients' preferences into colorectal cancer (CRC) screening recommendations has been identified as a potential mechanism for increasing adherence. This study used conjoint analysis to describe variation in CRC screening preferences among racially/ethnically diverse primary care patients. METHODS We recruited patients ages 50-80(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate an entertainment-based patient decision aid for early stage breast cancer surgery in low health literacy patients. METHODS Newly diagnosed female patients with early stage breast cancer from two public hospitals were randomized to receive an entertainment-based decision aid for breast cancer treatment along with usual care(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate an entertainment-based patient decision aid for prostate cancer screening among patients with low or high health literacy. METHODS Male primary care patients from two clinical sites, one characterized as serving patients with low health literacy (n=149) and the second as serving patients with high health literacy (n=301), were(More)
BACKGROUND In 2005, the International Patient Decision Aids Standards Collaboration identified twelve quality dimensions to guide assessment of patient decision aids. One dimension-the delivery of patient decision aids on the Internet-is relevant when the Internet is used to provide some or all components of a patient decision aid. Building on the original(More)
OBJECTIVE The IPDAS Collaboration has developed a checklist and an instrument (IPDASi v3.0) to assess the quality of patient decision aids (PDAs) in terms of their development process and shared decision-making design components. Certification of PDAs is of growing interest in the US and elsewhere. We report a modified Delphi consensus process to agree on(More)
PURPOSE To identify prevalence and correlates, including substance use and exposure to violence, of feeling stigmatized by being pregnant as an adolescent. METHODS A total of 925 low-income African-American, Mexican-American, and Caucasian pregnant adolescents aged </= 18 years were interviewed on the postpartum ward of a university hospital within 48(More)