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Remarkable progress has been made in defining a new understanding of the role of mRNA translation and protein synthesis in human cancer. Translational control is a crucial component of cancer development and progression, directing both global control of protein synthesis and selective translation of specific mRNAs that promote tumour cell survival,(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infects more than 300 million people and is a leading cause of liver cancer and disease. The HBV HBx protein is essential for infection; HBx activation of Src is important for HBV DNA replication. In our study, HBx activated cytosolic calcium-dependent proline-rich tyrosine kinase-2 (Pyk2), a Src kinase activator. HBx activation of(More)
PURPOSE To compare intensity-modulated photon radiotherapy (IMRT) with three-dimensional conformal proton therapy (3D-CPT) for early-stage prostate cancer, and explore the potential utility of intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT). METHODS AND MATERIALS Ten patients were planned with both 3D-CPT (two parallel-opposed lateral fields) and IMRT (seven(More)
Cytokine and proto-oncogene messenger RNAs (mRNAs) are rapidly degraded through AU-rich elements in the 3' untranslated region. Rapid decay involves AU-rich binding protein AUF1, which complexes with heat shock proteins hsc70-hsp70, translation initiation factor eIF4G, and poly(A) binding protein. AU-rich mRNA decay is associated with displacement of eIF4G(More)
Excessive production of proinflammatory cytokines, particularly tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), plays a critical role in septic shock induced by bacterial endotoxin (endotoxemia). Precise control of cytokine expression depends on rapid degradation of cytokine mRNAs, mediated by an AU-rich element (ARE) in the 3'(More)
The 3' noncoding region (NCR) AU-rich element (ARE) selectively confers rapid degradation on many mRNAs via a process requiring translation of the message. The role of cotranslation in destabilization of ARE mRNAs was examined by insertion of translation-blocking stable secondary structure at different sites in test mRNAs containing either the(More)
Translational regulation is critical in cancer development and progression. Translation sustains tumor growth and development of a tumor vasculature, a process known as angiogenesis, which is activated by hypoxia. Here we first demonstrate that a majority of large advanced breast cancers overexpress translation regulatory protein 4E-BP1 and initiation(More)
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) core protein forms the capsid of viral particles and is essential for viral genome DNA replication and maturation. The C terminus of core protein contains three serines at positions 155, 162, and 170, phosphorylation of which is important for viral DNA replication. We demonstrate that the phosphorylation of these serines is(More)
The normal human granulocyte vitamin B12-binding protein, transcobalamin I, and transcobalamin III, have been labeled with 125I-labeled N-succinimidyl 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate and utilized for plasma clearance studies performed with rabbits. Both moieties of 125I-labeled granulocyte vitamin B12-binding protein-[57Co]vitamin B12 were cleared rapidly(More)