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Several groups of investigators are measuring transcapillary protein flux in the lung using noninvasive methods. Results from these studies are reported using several different protein transport indexes, including pulmonary transvascular transfer coefficient, relative extravascular protein, pulmonary transcapillary escape rate, protein leak index, lung(More)
In chronically instrumented unanesthetized sheep, we measured steady-state hemodynamic and lung lymph responses to mechanically increased pressure and to intravenous infusions of histamine, Pseudomonas bacteria and E. coli endotoxin. Histamine, Pseudomonas bacteria and E. coli endotoxin caused exchanging vessel permeability to increase, as evidenced by high(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compares in vivo pulmonary blood flow patterns and shear stresses in patients with either the direct atrium-pulmonary artery connection or the bicaval tunnel connection of the Fontan procedure to those in normal volunteers. Comparisons were made with the use of three-dimensional phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS(More)
In this study, an application was developed to measure three-dimensional blood flow in the main, right, and left pulmonary arteries of seven healthy volunteers using phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Presently, no other noninvasive technique is capable of providing this information. Flow, mean velocity, kinetic energy, and cross-sectional(More)
Further understanding of the mechanisms involved in cellular and intracellular delivery of transgene is needed to produce clinical applications of gene therapy. The compartmental and computational model designed in this work is integrated with data from previous experiments to quantitatively estimate rate constants of plasmid translocation across cellular(More)
The purposes of this research were to derive a mathematical model of blood-intestinal transport for the lung and to study the ability of this model to describe the results of previous lymph-collection and multiple-indicator experiments on the lungs of unanesthetized sheep. We used a three-pore model of the microvascular barrier to describe lymph flow,(More)
A three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method to measure pulmonary edema and lung microvascular barrier permeability was developed and compared with conventional methods in nine mongrel dogs. MRIs were obtained covering the entire lungs. Injury was induced by injection of oleic acid (0.021-0.048 ml/kg) into a jugular catheter. Imaging followed(More)
Three independent methods were used to estimate filtration coefficient (Kf) in isolated dog lungs perfused with low-hematocrit (Hct) blood. Pulmonary vascular pressure was increased by 12-23 cmH2O to induce fluid filtration. Average Kf (ml.min-1 x cmH2O-1 x 100 g dry wt-1) for six lungs was 0.26 +/- 0.05 (SE) with use of equations describing conservation of(More)
The multiple pore model of T. R. Harris and R. J. Roselli (1981, J. Appl. Physiol: Respir. Environ. Exercise Physiol. 50, 1-14), was used to simulate lung lymph flow and protein transport at various levels of microvascular pressure. Response of the three-pore structure determined in that study was found to be in excellent agreement with the experimental(More)