Robert J. Parmer

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Catecholamine secretory vesicle core proteins (chromogranins) contain an activity that inhibits catecholamine release, but the identity of the responsible peptide has been elusive. Size-fractionated chromogranins antagonized nicotinic cholinergic-stimulated catecholamine secretion; the inhibitor was enriched in processed chromogranin fragments, and was(More)
BACKGROUND Pheochromocytoma is a feature of two disorders with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance--multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN-2) (with medullary thyroid carcinoma and hyperparathyroidism) and von Hippel-Lindau disease (with angioma of the retina, hemangioblastoma of the central nervous system, renal-cell carcinoma, pancreatic cysts,(More)
Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) is a serine protease that plays a central role in the regulation of intravascular thrombolysis. The acute release of t-PA in vivo is induced by a variety of stimuli including exercise, trauma, and neural stimulation. These types of stimuli also result in sympathoadrenal activation and exocytotic release of amines and(More)
Chromogranin A (CgA) is the major soluble protein in the core of catecholamine-storage vesicles and is also distributed widely in secretory vesicles throughout the neuroendocrine system. CgA contains the sequences for peptides that modulate catecholamine release, but the proteases responsible for the release of these bioactive peptides from CgA have not(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is a complex trait with an ill-defined genetic predisposition, in which adrenergic mechanisms seem to be involved even at the early stages. Chromogranin A is a pro-hormone stored and released with catecholamines by exocytosis; its fragment catestatin, formed in vivo, inhibits further catecholamine release as an antagonist at the(More)
Chromogranin A (CgA), the major soluble protein in catecholamine storage vesicles, serves as a prohormone that is cleaved into bioactive peptides that inhibit catecholamine release, providing an autocrine, negative feedback mechanism for regulating catecholamine responses during stress. However, the proteases responsible for the processing of CgA and(More)
Chromogranin A (CgA) is the index member of the chromogranin/secretogranin (or 'granin') family of regulated secretory proteins that are ubiquitously distributed in amine- and peptide-containing secretory granules of endocrine, neuroendocrine and neuronal cells. Because of their abundance and such widespread occurrence, granins have often been used as(More)
In cultured cells and isolated perfused organs, catecholamines are coreleased with chromogranin A (CgA) from adrenal chromaffin cells and sympathetic neurons. The corelease suggests that exocytosis is the mechanism of catecholamine secretion. To investigate whether physiologic catecholamine secretion is exocytotic in humans, we measured plasma(More)
Nicotinic cholinergic receptors undergo desensitization upon repeated or prolonged exposure to agonist. We investigated the effects of a novel chromogranin A catecholamine release-inhibitory fragment, catestatin (chromogranin A344-364), on agonist-induced desensitization of catecholamine release from pheochromocytoma cells. In a dose-dependent fashion, the(More)
Activation of plasminogen, the zymogen of the primary thrombolytic enzyme, plasmin, is markedly promoted when plasminogen is bound to cell surfaces, arming cells with the broad spectrum proteolytic activity of plasmin. In addition to its role in thrombolysis, cell surface plasmin facilitates a wide array of physiologic and pathologic processes.(More)