Robert J Orlowski

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Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas are rare tumors with high morbidity rates caused by excessive catecholamine secretion, even though the majority of tumors are benign. The use of perioperative blockade regimens, together with improved surgical techniques, has greatly impacted the perioperative morbidity associated with these tumors. The old dogma of the(More)
Several new synthetic substrates fulfilling the specificity requirements of cathepsin D were synthesized. One of these D-Phe-Ser(O-CH2-C6H5)-Phe-Phe-Ala-Ala-pAB (pAB = p-aminobenzoate) proved to be highly sensitive and convenient for measuring activity. Enzyme determination was carried out in a two-step reaction. In the first step the enzyme hydrolyzes the(More)
Despite the success of monotherapies based on blockade of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) in human melanoma, most patients do not experience durable clinical benefit. Pre-existing T-cell infiltration and/or the presence of PD-L1 in tumours may be used as indicators of clinical response; however, blood-based profiling to understand the mechanisms of PD-1(More)
The aetiopathogenesis of the abnormal immune response in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remains incompletely understood. We and other investigators demonstrated altered expression of adenosine deaminase that act on RNA (ADAR) genes in SLE patients. Based on this information, we hypothesize that the altered expression and function of ADAR enzymes is a(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Despite successful remission induction in 60-80% of patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia, there remain a significant number of patients who exhibit primary refractory disease. Here we examine the data for predicting likelihood of having refractory disease, available therapeutic options, and how to decide the appropriate(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent origin of plasmid replication (oriP) contains two essential regions, a family of repeats with 20 imperfect copies of a 30-bp sequence and a dyad symmetry element with four similar 30-bp repeats. Each of the repeats has an internal palindromic sequence and can bind EBNA 1, a protein that together with oriP constitutes the(More)
The success of genetically engineered T cells that express chimeric antigen receptors (CARTs) has been a momentous step forward in harnessing the potent cancer fighting abilities of the immune system. The efficacy seen in relapsed/refractory (r/r) acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), not only by inducing remission, but also in maintaining long-term disease(More)