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Medulloblastoma encompasses a collection of clinically and molecularly diverse tumour subtypes that together comprise the most common malignant childhood brain tumour. These tumours are thought to arise within the cerebellum, with approximately 25% originating from granule neuron precursor cells (GNPCs) after aberrant activation of the Sonic Hedgehog(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the magnetic susceptibility of brain tissue and iron concentration. Phase shifts in gradient-echo images (TE = 60 ms) were measured in 21 human subjects, (age 0.7-45 years) and compared with published values of regional brain iron concentration. Phase was correlated with brain iron(More)
We introduce a fast and robust spatial-spectral encoding method, which enables acquisition of high resolution short echo time (13 ms) proton spectroscopic images from human brain with acquisition times as short as 64 s when using surface coils. The encoding scheme, which was implemented on a clinical 1.5 Tesla whole body scanner, is a modification of an(More)
Age-related changes in brain T1 from 115 healthy subjects (range, 4.5-71.9 yr) were analyzed in relation to published regional brain iron concentration in cortex, caudate, putamen, and frontal white matter. The relaxation rate in these structures was linear with respect to iron concentration (P < 0.001). The iron relaxivity, k1 (s(-1)/mg iron/g wet weight),(More)
PURPOSE To use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to investigate visual system development in children being treated for retinoblastoma. METHODS Informed consent was obtained for all participants (N = 42) in this institutional review board-approved study. Participants were imaged with a 1.5-T scanner while(More)
A new rapid spectroscopic imaging technique with improved sensitivity and lipid suppression, referred to as Proton Echo Planar Spectroscopic Imaging (PEPSI), has been developed to measure the 2-dimensional distribution of brain lactate increases during hyperventilation on a conventional clinical scanner equipped with a head surface coil phased array. PEPSI(More)
Segmented k-space acquisition of data was used to decrease the acquisition time and to increase the imaging resolution of the precise and accurate inversion recovery (PAIR) method of measuring T(1). We validated the new TurboPAIR method by measuring T(1) in 158 regions of interest in 12 volunteers, using both PAIR and TurboPAIR. We found a 3% difference(More)
Optimization of inversion-recovery (IR) measurements of T1 relaxation times has focused on the efficiency of T1 estimation (precision per unit time), without explicit consideration of the total experimental time. With the modified fast IR method, the repetition time (TR) is constant and each inversion time (TI) must be less than TR. For a fixed total(More)
Posterior fossa syndrome is characterized by cerebellar dysfunction, oromotor/oculomotor apraxia, emotional lability and mutism in patients after infratentorial injury. The underlying neuroanatomical substrates of posterior fossa syndrome are unknown, but dentatothalamocortical tracts have been implicated. We used pre- and postoperative neuroimaging to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Conventional MR imaging permits subcategorization of brain stem tumors by location and focality; however, assessment of white matter tract involvement by tumor is limited. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a promising method for visualizing white matter tract tumor involvement supratentorially. We investigated the ability of DTI to(More)