Robert J. Mairs

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UNLABELLED Targeted radiotherapy using (131)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((131)I-MIBG) has produced remissions in some neuroblastoma patients. We previously reported that combining (131)I-MIBG with the topoisomerase I inhibitor topotecan induced long-term DNA damage and supraadditive toxicity to noradrenaline transporter (NAT)-expressing cells and xenografts.(More)
The Auger electron emitting agent 5-[125I]iodo-2'-deoxyuridine (i.e. [125I]IUdR) holds promise for the treatment of residual glioma after surgery because this thymidine analogue kills only proliferating cells. However, malignant cells which are not synthesizing DNA during exposure to the radiopharmaceutical will be spared. To determine whether tumour(More)
UNLABELLED Recent studies have shown that indirect effects of ionizing radiation may contribute significantly to the effectiveness of radiotherapy by sterilizing malignant cells that are not directly hit by the radiation. However, there have been few investigations of the importance of indirect effects in targeted radionuclide treatment. Our purpose was to(More)
INTRODUCTION (131)I-meta iodobenzylguanidine ((131)I-mIBG) therapy is established palliation for relapsed neuroblastoma. The topoisomerase-1 inhibitor, topotecan, has direct activity against neuroblastoma and acts as a radiation sensitiser. These 2 treatments are synergistic in laboratory studies. Theoretically, the benefit of (131)I-mIBG treatment could be(More)
A promising new treatment for glioma involves Auger electron emitters such as 125I or 123I conjugated to deoxyuridine (IUdR). However, the presence in tumour deposits of non-proliferating cells with clonogenic potential poses a major limitation to this cycle-specific therapy. We have used multicellular tumour spheroids derived from the human glioma cell(More)
To evaluate the potential of the expression of the sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) as a means of targeting radioiodine to tumor cells, we have employed plasmid-mediated transfection of the NIS gene into a range of mammalian cell hosts. We observed perchlorate-inhibitable iodide uptake up to 41-fold over control in all NIS-transfected cells. We assessed the(More)
Meta-iodobenzylguanidine conjugated to 131I-iodine is an effective agent for the targeted radiotherapy of tumors of neural crest origin which express the noradrenaline transporter (NAT). The therapeutic application of 131I MIBG is presently limited to the treatment of phaeochromocytoma, neuroblastoma, carcinoid and medullary thyroid carcinoma. To determine(More)
BACKGROUND Targeted radiotherapy achieves malignant cell-specific concentration of radiation dosage by tumour-affinic molecules conjugated to radioactive atoms. Combining gene therapy with targeted radiotherapy is attractive because the associated cross-fire irradiation of the latter induces biological bystander effects upon neighbouring cells overcoming(More)
The N-myc oncogene is amplified in approximately 30% of neuroblastomas. It is well established that cases of neuroblastoma with amplified N-myc have markedly poorer prognosis than those in which N-myc copy number is not elevated. The mechanism for this association is not known but may be related to cellular resistance to radiation or cytotoxic drugs. Seven(More)
Indirect effects may contribute to the efficacy of radiotherapy by sterilizing malignant cells that are not directly irradiated. However, little is known of the influence of indirect effects in targeted radionuclide treatment. We compared gamma-radiation-induced bystander effects with those resulting from exposure to three radiohaloanalogues of(More)